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José López-Calo

[Hernán] [Columbus, Ferdinand]

(b Córdoba, 1488; d Seville, Sept 12, 1539). Spanish bibliophile and music collector. The illegitimate son of Christopher Columbus, he received a thorough education at the court of the Catholic Monarchs. From his earliest years he had a great passion for travel and accompanied his father on a journey to America. Later he made several extensive journeys through Europe, at first with Charles V and later on his own account. He took advantage of his journeys to acquire the best books he could find on many subjects, including music. He kept an exact account of all his acquisitions, with details of the most important ones; in each volume he noted the place and date of purchase and the price. He also compiled careful lists of his library. By the end of his life he had an extremely important library of more than 15,000 items, including numerous manuscripts; on his death he left the whole collection to Seville Cathedral. Regrettably, nearly three-quarters of the books have been lost; only some 4000 volumes remain. Among them, nevertheless, there are some very valuable items, ranging from medieval manuscripts to unique prints of Petrucci and theoretical works. His catalogues also largely survive and provide details of early printed music which has since been lost. In ...


Franz Krautwurst


(b Ansbach, 1493; d Heilsbronn, Oct 15, 1554). German music collector and composer. He studied at the University of Leipzig from 1511, and in 1514 took the bachelor's degree. Even before he matriculated he seems to have known the university deacon Nikolas Apel, whose love of music may have stimulated Hartung's interest in collecting musical works. He was one of Luther's early adherents and from 1517 was the lawyer and imperial notary of the Cistercian monastery at Heilsbronn which had embraced the Reformed faith; in 1523 he became its chief magistrate and first secular official. Between 1538 and 1548 he compiled the seven volumes known as the Heilsbronner Chorbücher (the four surviving volumes are now in D-ERu 473, 1–4) which contained the complete repertory of an early Lutheran church choir. Although nearly four-fifths of the contents are from contemporary printed volumes, the four surviving volumes constitute the unique or primary source of a large number of compositions; for this reason they are among the most important south German sources of the Reformation period. In ...