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Article

Robert Shay

(b Westminster, London, Jan 1648; d Oxford, Dec 14, 1710). English scholar, composer and music collector. He matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford (after early training in mathematics at Westminster School), in 1662, receiving the BA, MA and DD degrees in 1666, 1669 and 1682 respectively. He took holy orders and was assigned the rectorate at Wem, Shropshire, but chose to remain at Christ Church, becoming a canon in 1681 and dean (a unique position in Oxford as head of both college and cathedral) in 1689, also serving as vice-chancellor of the University of Oxford, 1692–5. He was a leader of the Oxford resistance to James II's Catholic advances, and under William III he became one of the chief defenders of High Church practices, publicly opposing both the comprehension of non-Anglicans and revisions to the prayer book. He was an industrious and practically minded scholar, producing books on logic, heraldry and architecture, designing a number of Oxford buildings, serving as draftsman and engraver for the Oxford Almanacks, and producing a sizable body of compositions for the English cathedral service. His account of Greek music survives in manuscript (...

Article

Albert Cohen

(b Pont-de-Vaux, Ain, April 24, 1633; d Paris, May 4, 1691). French lawyer and man of letters. He is often confused with his great-grandson, Charles-Emmanuel Borjon de Scellery (c1715–95). He was active in the law courts of both Dijon and Paris and is known chiefly for his writings on jurisprudence. He also composed poetry (noëls ‘en patois bressan’), published after his death and later set to music, and is credited with Traité de la musette, avec une nouvelle méthode, pour apprendre de soy-mesme à jouer de cet instrument facilement, et en peu de temps (Lyons, 1672, 2/1678/R), which describes an instrument in vogue throughout France at the time and includes examples of music collected by the author.

DBF (M. Prevost) P. LeDuc: Les noëls bressans de Bourg, de Pont-de-Vaux et des paroisses voisines (Bourg-en-Bresse, 1845) C.-J. Dufaÿ: Dictionnaire biographique des personnages notables du département de l’Ain...

Article

David Pinto

(b London, c1608; bur. Eydon, Northants., June 8, 1691). English music collector, copyist and amateur composer. On the death of his father in 1621 he was adopted by his wealthy uncle, the merchant taylor John Browne. By the 1630s he was a property-owner in Northamptonshire. In 1636 he was appointed Clerk of the Parliaments, a post that was initially a sinecure, but which led to notoriety at the outbreak of the Civil War in 1642, when he adhered to the parliamentary cause. His office was abolished under the Commonwealth in 1649, but he was restored from 1660 until his death.

Significant as a political archivist, Browne was an astute music lover whose collection is preserved almost entire in Christ Church, Oxford, as part of the music bequeathed by Henry Aldrich. His descendants retained some concordant manuscripts into the 20th century, alongside his parliamentary papers. The collection provides a rare view of Stuart Puritan London up to ...

Article

Jonathan P. Wainwright

(b Barking, Essex, June 28, 1605; d nr Corby, Northamptonshire, July 4, 1670). English music patron and collector. His family's principal residence was at Kirby Hall, near Corby. His father, also Sir Christopher Hatton (c1570–1619), was a patron of Orlando Gibbons; Gibbons's First Set of Madrigals and Motets (1612) and Hume's Poeticall Musicke (1607) are both dedicated to him. The younger Hatton was Charles I's Comptroller of Household at Oxford during the Civil War and was created 1st Baron Hatton on 29 July 1643. He employed George Jeffreys as steward and appears to have engaged Stephen Bing and John Lilly for specific copying projects. Michael East dedicated his Seventh Set of Bookes (1638) to him. The Hatton music collection still survives ( GB-Och ). Much of the Venetian printed music was bought from the London bookseller Robert Martin; Jeffreys and Bing made manuscript copies, perhaps for performances at the Oxford court (...

Article

Almonte Howell

revised by Rui Vieira Nery

(b Vila Viçosa, March 19, 1604; d Lisbon, Nov 6, 1656). Portuguese ruler, collector of music, writer on music and composer. As heir to the dukedom of Bragança, whose ruling family was notable for its love of music, he received a thorough musical education; his first teacher was Robert Tornar (or Torgh), an English (or possibly Irish) composer who had been a disciple of Gery de Ghersem and Mathieu Rosmarin at the Royal Flemish Chapel in Madrid. After Portugal’s successful rebellion in 1640 against Spanish rule, he was chosen king. His reign was marked by intermittent war with Spain and by Portugal’s efforts to secure foreign alliances, but he was little interested in politics. He was, however, ardently devoted to music, generous in support of composers and musical establishments in his realm and constantly in touch with distinguished musicians.

João IV assembled the largest music library of his time, based on the ducal library of his father and grandfather. Its treasures unfortunately perished in the Lisbon earthquake and fire of ...

Article

Pamela J. Willetts

( bc 1580; d 1625). English clergyman and amateur musician . He is best known as the compiler and scribe of the manuscript anthology Tristitiae remedium, 1616 ( GB-Lbl Add.29372–7), a major source for anthems, motets and madrigals by English composers of the period. Each partbook has an engraved title-page. Tristitiae remedium is a good, early, and in some cases unique, source for the works of Thomas Tomkins, Peerson, Ward, Lupo, Ferrabosco (ii) and John Milton senior. The manuscript Lbl Add.29427 is a collection of rough drafts, partly in Myriell's hand, for Tristitiae remedium. Other manuscripts partly written by him are Och 44, 61–7, 459–62. The manuscript Och 67 also contains two items in the hand of Thomas Tomkins, and Och 44 music in the autograph of Benjamin Cosyn. Myriell's friendship with Tomkins is confirmed by the latter's dedication to him of When David heard in the Songs (London, 1622...

Article

José Quitin

revised by Philippe Vendrix

(fl Liège, early 17th century). Flemish musician. His family, prominent in Liège during the 16th and 17th centuries, produced several ecclesiastics, clerks and musicians (among them Lambert Scronx, who worked on the revision of the Liège Breviary in the early 17th century). He was a monk at the monastery of the Crutched Friars, Liège. Dart showed that he was there between 1619 and 1621; he may have been a pupil of the blind organist of the monastery, Guillaume Huet. He was most likely the copyist of a manuscript of 1617 containing organ pieces by such composers as Andrea Gabrieli, Peter Philips, Sweelinck and Merulo ( B-Lu 153, olim 888). He included an echo of his own composition, which Dart described as ‘competent, but entirely uninspired’; the manuscript also includes 38 anonymous pieces, some of which may be by him. Dart was probably wrong in identifying the ‘Griffarius Scronx’ cited in the monastery records of ...

Article

Howard Mayer Brown

revised by Florence Gétreau

(b Bordeaux, 1586–7; d Bordeaux, before 1649). French author, theorist, collector and lawyer. By profession a lawyer in the Parliament of Bordeaux he made use of the humanistic education he had received from his uncle, Jean d'Avril, by publishing during his lifetime two tragedies, a book on witchcraft and two volumes of epigrams. He was also a collector of books, printed portraits, medals, naturalia, ethnographic objects and mathematical and musical instruments; an inventory of the entire collection was printed in his Synopsis rerum variarum and translated in his Dénombrement. His interest in music is further demonstrated by the inclusion, among his publications, of poems in praise of two composers active in or near Bordeaux: the Spaniard Juan d'Escobar and Hugues de Fontenay. About 1630, or perhaps earlier, he began work on his Traité des instruments de musique. It was not published during his lifetime, possibly because he was not able to perfect it according to his own standards before he died. In his ...

Article

(fl 1612–22). Humanist aristocrat who lived in Prague. He was descended from a family from Rovereto, in the south Tyrol; one of its members was knighted at Vienna on 25 May 1557. In recognition of his services Troilus was named Councillor of the Emperor on 2 May 1617 in Prague, but this title carried no official duties. He assembled in his library a valuable collection of Italian monody published mostly in Venice between 1604 and 1618, and mainly by composers from northern Italy. It is a fairly representative collection of music that cannot have been well known in Bohemia at that time, but it includes nothing by such important figures as Caccini, Marco da Gagliano and Peri. The volume of monodies from Troilus’s library is now in the National Library in Prague.

J. Racek: Italská monodie z doby raného baroku v Čechách [Italian monody from the early Baroque time in Bohemia] (Olomouc, 1945)...