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David Tunley

(b Sydney, Feb 1, 1931). Australian musicologist, music critic and conductor. He graduated from the University of Queensland with the BA in 1964 and founded the department of music at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, in 1966 (the university first offered music as an interdisciplinary study before it established an institute of practical studies and music education). He took the doctorate at New South Wales in 1976 and was appointed Chair in 1984. His work covers a broad spectrum and includes writings on 17th-century Italian and 19th-century German and French opera, but his major contribution has been in Australian music. His Australia's Music: Themes of a New Society (1967) is regarded as the classic study on this topic, and his insights into the Australian repertory (and beyond) have been sharpened through his work as chief music critic at the Sydney Morning Herald (from 1960...


John Snelson

(Friedrich) [Gallas, Brian Roy]

(b Wellington, New Zealand, Feb 15, 1946). New Zealand writer on musical theatre. He studied law and classics at Canterbury University, New Zealand, subsequently joining the New Zealand Opera company as a bass singer. After moving to London he became a casting director and then a theatrical agent in musical theatre; from 1990 he devoted himself to writing and broadcasting on this subject. His pioneering two-volume study The British Musical Theatre (London, 1986), won several awards: its thorough survey of performances has ensured its place as an essential reference work. His later Encyclopedia of Musical Theatre (Oxford, 1994) is ambitious in its scope, displaying both the breadth of Gänzl’s interest and, through its selections and judgments, his characteristically personal view of the subject. His other books include Gänzl’s Book of the Musical Theatre (with Andrew Lamb; London, 1988), a companion guide in the manner of Kobbé, ...


Noel Nickson

revised by Jeff Brownrigg

(Léon Marlois)

(b Melbourne, April 19, 1915; d Melbourne, July 27, 1963). Australian composer and critic. His father was French, and his mother Australian. He studied composition at Melbourne University Conservatorium and at the RCM (1938–9). In 1951, as a British Council Commonwealth Jubilee Music Scholar, he returned to England to study with Gordon Jacob. In 1950 he became music critic for Melbourne’s Argus and in 1957 for The Age. His career was marred by poor health, from 1951 seriously affecting his heart, but he continued to compose. He was subject to diverse influences: the English lyrical style popular in Australian instrumental music of the 1930s, light French wit and buoyancy, and the bitonality of early Stravinsky and later Bartók. This eclecticism is evident in the engaging Sinfonietta and the Symphony, a work of impressive drive and rigorous intellectual argument which Covell believed to be ‘the most accomplished and purposive symphony written by an Australian’. From ...


David Scott

(Thomas )

(b Brisbane, Nov 24, 1927). British writer on music, poet and critic of Australian birth . He studied the piano, composition and singing privately in Brisbane and Melbourne, and moved to England in 1953. He was assistant editor of the London Magazine from 1958 before being appointed assistant literature director of the Arts Council in 1966 and director in 1971. Besides his writings on literary topics Osborne has written mainly on vocal music, particularly 19th-century opera, including a useful descriptive survey of Verdi’s operas; he is also known as a critic and broadcaster.

The Complete Operas of Verdi (London, 1969) ed. and trans.: The Letters of Giuseppe Verdi (London, 1971) ed. and trans.: Richard Wagner: Stories and Essays (London, 1973) The Concert Song Companion (London, 1974) Wagner and his World (London, 1977) The Complete Operas of Mozart (London, 1978) The Complete Operas of Puccini (London, 1981) The Dictionary of Opera...


Christopher Mark

(b Swinton, nr Manchester, July 26, 1943). Australian composer, pianist, and critic, born in England. He lived in England until 1976 when he migrated to Australia, taking Australian citizenship in 1990. Entering the RCM in 1961, Smalley studied composition with Fricker and John White, whose wide-ranging interests he found especially stimulating, and piano with Antony Hopkins. He also studied composition with Goehr at Morley College, London (1962); with Stockhausen in Cologne (1965–6); and with Boulez during a Darmstadt summer course (1965). In 1968 he was appointed the first artist-in-residence at King’s College, Cambridge, where he subsequently held a three-year research fellowship. During this time he co-founded the live-electronics ensemble Intermodulation with Souster, Peter Britton and Robin Thompson. In 1974 Smalley was artist-in-residence at the University of Western Australia (UWA), returning two years later to become a research fellow and subsequently associate professor (...


David Scott

revised by Nigel Scaife

(b Melbourne, Oct 13, 1889; d London, Nov 18, 1946). Australian music critic and poet. Educated at the Scotch College, Melbourne, he emigrated to England in 1907 and from 1910 to 1914 he travelled in South Africa, Austria, Germany and Italy, where his studies ranged widely: he never devoted himself exclusively to music. In 1916 his first book of poems were published and in the same year he became music critic for the New Statesman, a post he held until 1940. After war service he was drama critic of the London Mercury (1919–23), music critic of Truth (1919–39) and literary editor of the Daily Herald (1920–23) and The Spectator (1942–6). From 1941 he was general editor of the series Britain in Pictures, which included his English Music.

Turner was one of the few non-specialist critics of his generation who maintained an unsophisticated approach without compromising critical perception. His criticism was often outspoken, controversial and highly opinionated but he was admired for his integrity and independence (many of his articles were reprinted in book form in ...