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Michelle Vigneau

(b Gladewater, TX, Dec 3, 1938; d Elyria, OH, Feb 8, 2006). American oboist, baroque oboist, viola da gambist, and educator. He earned a diploma in 1961 from the Curtis Institute where he studied with john de Lancie . Caldwell served as principal oboist of the National SO (NSO) from 1965–66 and 1968–1971, and was principal oboist of the short-lived Chamber Symphony of Philadelphia from 1966–68. He played with the Puerto Rico Symphony and the Casals Festival Orchestra, and was a frequent performer at the Marlboro Music Festival. In 1971, Caldwell joined the faculty of the Oberlin College Conservatory of Music, where he trained many of the profession’s leading oboists, including Alex Klein, former principal oboist of the Chicago SO. Caldwell’s pedagogy was unusual, as he rarely mentioned the oboe. His students learned to play as a result of the musical demands of the phrase.

As a chamber musician, he was a member of the Soni Ventorum Quintet, the Oberlin Baroque Ensemble, and the Oberlin Woodwind Quintet. While playing in the NSO in the late 1960s, he also became interested in the viola da gamba and studied with noted teacher August Wenzinger. He became an accomplished viol player as well as a celebrated baroque oboist, earning a reputation as a leading scholar in historical performance. With his wife, cellist and viola da gambist Catharina Meints, he co-founded the Baroque Performance Institute, the first American summer school for historical performance, in ...

Article

Joel A. Treybig

(b Cortland, NY, Oct 19, 1920). American He began the trumpet at ten, played in his father’s town band, and studied with Ernest S(amuel) Williams. After serving as a teaching assistant at the University of Michigan (1940), he left in 1941 to join the Goldman Band as soloist and also was contracted as first trumpet with the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra. He served in the military from 1942 to 1946, playing with the army band at Fort Jackson, South Carolina and working in a special service unit at Fort Slocum, New York that performed concerts and recorded music for films and radio broadcasts for military personnel. In 1946, he became associate first trumpet/third trumpet under Arturo Toscanini for the NBC Symphony. He also worked as a studio musician in every available medium. He served as soloist for the Band of America, the Casals Festival (Puerto Rico), and the premiere of Husa’s ...

Article

J.M. Thomson

(b Dallas, TX, Jan 26, 1922; d Suffern, NY, Nov 4, 1999). American recorder player, editor, teacher, and conductor. His early musical experience included playing the trumpet in small jazz bands and in Broadway pit bands and arranging music for shows in New York. While studying with erich Katz at the New York College of Music he developed an interest in early music. He learned to play the recorder, crumhorn, sackbut, and viola da gamba and arranged and directed medieval and Renaissance music. He edited music for the American Recorder Society, which published several of his compositions, and later was general editor of the series Music for Recorders (Associated Music Publishers). He took part in the debut of the New York Pro Musica Antiqua under Noah Greenberg in 1953 and rejoined them from 1960 until 1970; during this time he became director of the instrumental consort and assistant director of the Renaissance band. He toured internationally with them and played on many recordings. In ...

Article

(b US, 1949). American bassoonist and composer. He earned degrees at the University of Kansas (BM, MM) and the Eastman School of Music (DMA 1980), where he worked with Austin Ledwith and David Van Hoesen, respectively. He also studied composition with John Pozdro, Samuel Adler, and warren Benson ...

Article

Gary Galván

(b Richmond, VA, May 7, 1957). American conductor, educator, and flutist. Karen Deal studied flute at Oral Roberts University (BMus 1980) and orchestral conducting at Virginia Commonwealth University (MM 1982). She made her European conducting debut in 1984 with the Pro Arte Orchestra in Vienna, Austria, while pursuing postgraduate studies at the Hochschule für Musik und Darnstellende Kunst. During coursework toward a DMA in orchestral conducting at the Peabody Conservatory of Music, Deal studied with Praul Vermel on an Aspen Music Festival Fellowship (1988) and won the National Repertory Orchestra Biennial Conducting Competition. She was the founding director for the Sinfonia Concertante in Maryland in 1988 and the Chesapeake Youth Symphony in 1990 while serving as Associate Conductor for the Annapolis Symphony Orchestra and teaching music history and flute at Loyola College.

After study with gustav Meier , Leonard Slatkin, and Leon Fleisher at the Tanglewood Music Festival in ...

Article

Michael Ellzey

(b Macon City, IA, April 29, 1938). American trumpeter and educator. Active in early music, he was a founding member of Calliope: A Renaissance Band. He was a member of the New York Brass Quintet for 18 years and also freelanced as a performer and studio musician for over 20 years in New York City. In 1982 he joined the faculty of Indiana University and in 1989 he became an adjunct professor at Yale University, where he currently teaches trumpet, coaches brass chamber music, and directs the Yale Cornet and Sacbut Ensemble. He has also taught at the Manhattan School of Music, the Hartt School, and the Eastman School.

Dean currently performs and teaches each summer at the Mendez Brass Institute in addition to the Norfolk Chamber Music Festival in Norfolk, Connecticut. He frequently appears as a soloist with Keith Brion’s New Sousa Band. He has appeared internationally at the Spoleto and Casals Festivals, the Banff Centre (Canada), the Oxford Arts Centre (Canada), Musiki Blekinge (Sweden), the Curitiba Music Festival (Brazil), and the Morella Festival (Spain). His performances on both the modern trumpet and early brass instruments can be heard on over 80 recordings released by, among others, RCA, Columbia, Nonesuch, and Summit labels....

Article

Gerald E. Wood

(b Kansas City, MO, Oct 5, 1920). American horn player, recording artist, and educator. A child of musicians John DeRosa (clarinet) and Clelia DeRubertis DeRosa (vocalist), he started studying the horn at an early age with Peter Dilecce of the Chicago Civic Opera Orchestra. After moving to Los Angeles, he studied briefly with his uncle, Vincent DeRubertis, a staff horn player for Paramount Studios, and Alfred Brain, principal horn at 20th Century Fox. At age 17 he began his career as a member of the horn section at 20th Century Fox (1937) before enlisting in the US Army in 1942. After his discharge in 1945 he launched a freelance recording career in Los Angeles, attracting the attention of numerous film composers. He can be heard on film, television, and popular music recordings, and stands as one of the most widely recorded West Coast brass musicians. His session performances helped refine what became known as the “Los Angeles Horn Sound,” which remained prominent throughout the second half of the 20th century. In addition to his performing career, he served for 30 years as a horn professor at the University of Southern California (...

Article

Barbara A. Petersen

revised by Greg A Steinke

(b Covington, KY, Sept 1, 1921). American composer and flute teacher. He attended Los Angeles City College and the University of Southern California (BA 1948, BM 1949, MM 1951, DMA 1953), where he studied composition with ernst Toch , gail Kubik , ernest Kanitz , and hanns Eisler . He also studied privately with peter jona Korn . His principal flute teachers were Ary Van Leeuwen, Archie Wade, Jules Furman, Frohman Foster, and William Hullinger; early in his career he played with the Corpus Christi (TX) and Muncie (IN) SOs and other ensembles. From 1953 to 1955, he taught at Del Mar College (Corpus Christi), and in 1957, after a year at Ball State University (Muncie), he joined the faculty of Mount St. Mary’s College in Los Angeles, becoming professor in 1966. He has received a MacDowell Colony Fellowship (1954) and two Huntington Hartford Foundation awards (1956, 1964). In ...

Article

Michael Ellzey

(b East McKeesport, PA, Nov 8, 1948). American trumpeter and pedagogue. He attended San Diego State University (BA 1970, music education; MA, trumpet performance) and the University of California, San Diego (PhD 1980, music). He taught music at the State University of New York at Cortland from 1985 to 2012, and has served as instructor of trumpet at Colgate University in Hamilton, New York. He has also been a research consultant for the instrument museum in Schloss Kremsegg in Kremsmünster, Austria.

Considered one of the leading scholars and performers on the keyed bugle, he wrote the definitive volume on the instrument, The Keyed Bugle (Metuchen, NJ, 1993, 2/2004). His debut solo album, Music for Keyed Bugle, is the first full-length recording devoted to the keyed bugle. His Das Flügelhorn (Bergkirchen, Germany, 2004) was published in both English and German editions. His many other scholarly publications include contributions to the ...

Article

Trudi Ann Wright

(b Summit, MS, July 5, 1913; d Petersburg, VA, April 16, 1989). American conductor, clarinetist, and educator. He gained his musical training at Oberlin College, Northwestern University, and Columbia University, where he received his doctorate in music education. After graduation he became a faculty member at Bennett College and then at Lincoln University in Missouri. From 1947 he spent 29 years working at Virginia State College (from 1979, Virginia State University), where he directed instrumental music. He led military, symphonic, and marching bands, which toured and won recognition throughout North America and Europe. He was also active as a band clinician, guest conductor, and workshop consultant. Along with his work as an educator, Gatlin maintained a performance career as a clarinetist, appearing with numerous US bands and orchestras including the St. Louis SO.

In 1960 Gatlin co-founded the Intercollegiate Music Association with Evelyn Johnson and Albert Grauer which in the early 2010s was continuing to “enrich and enhance the development of the students” in its historically black member institutions. After his retirement from Virginia State in ...

Article

George Gelles

(b Boston, MA, June 18, 1921; d Whelan, MA, Dec 9, 2006). American oboist, brother of harold Gomberg . At the age of 14 he entered the Curtis Institute and studied with Tabuteau , as had his brother. Three years later Stokowski appointed him principal oboist in the All-American Youth Orchestra. After four years of military service he became solo oboist with the Baltimore SO and concurrently head of the oboe department at the Peabody Conservatory. After playing in the New York City Center SO at the invitation of Bernstein, in ...

Article

Stefaan Verdegem

(b Liège, April 7, 1859; d Bruxelles, July 19, 1917). Belgian oboist, teacher, and director of the Brussels Monnaie opera house. He studied oboe at the Liège Conservatoire with Alphonse Romedenne, receiving the premier prix in 1875, and a gold medal in 1877. Guidé started his career as principal oboe of the Association Artistique in Angers, France, where he became acquainted with a number of young French composers including Massenet, Chabrier, Saint-Saëns, and Vincent d’Indy, who dedicated his Fantaisie pour Orchestre et Hautbois principal op.31 to him. In 1884 he became the oboe teacher at the Brussels Conservatoire, and principal oboe of the Monnaie opera house. Much admired by conductors and composers such as Felix Mottl, Hans Richter, and Richard Strauss—who called him ‘the poet of the oboe’—Guidé’s reputation was renowned throughout Europe. Considered the godfather of the Belgian oboe school, the most famous of his students was Henri De Busscher, who influenced Leon Goossens and the English oboe school, and, later, as oboist of the L.A. Philharmonic Orchestra, the American oboe school as well. Also gifted as a conductor and concert organizer, Guidé became co-director, together with Maurice Kufferath, of the Monnaie opera house in ...

Article

Patrick Richards

[Doug ]

(b Lincoln, NE, Feb 6, 1946). American horn player and pedagogue. Hill began studying horn in his early teens in Lincoln, Nebraska, with Jack Snider and later studied with philip Farkas and Paul Ingraham. He received the bachelor’s degree from Indiana University and the Master of Music cum laude from Yale University. He taught at the Oberlin Conservatory of Music before joining the faculty of the University of Wisconsin, Madison in 1974. He has been a member of the Spoleto Festival Brass Quintet, the Wisconsin Brass Quintet, the Wingra Wind Quintet, the New York Brass Quintet, and the American Brass Quintet. He also has served as principal horn for the Rochester PO and the Madison SO and has toured with the Henry Mancini and Andy Williams orchestras. Hill’s recordings include The Modern Horn (1996) and Music for Horn and Piano (1999), both with Karen Zaczek Hill. He has also composed dozens of works, including those recorded on ...

Article

Anna Pennington

(b United States). American oboist, English horn player, and pedagogue. Carolyn Hove attended the Oberlin College Conservatory of Music and upon graduation moved to Chicago where she maintained an active performance schedule. While in Illinois she taught at Northern Illinois University and Elmhurst College. In 1986 she became English horn player with the San Antonio Symphony, and two years later secured the same post with the Los Angeles Philharmonic, a position she held until 2011. During the past quarter century Hove has been featured as a soloist with the Los Angeles Philharmonic numerous times and also has been involved in the creation and premiere of many new works for her instrument. Composers that have written pieces for her include Esa-Pekka Salonen and William Kraft. She also recorded two solo CDs for the Crystal Records label, 20th Century Music for English Horn and Oboe in 1996 and Ascending to Superlatives...

Article

Richard H. Perry

[John Thomas ]

(b Los Angeles, CA, Jan 7, 1935; d Los Angeles, CA, Oct 16, 2006). American tuba player and educator. He attended the University of Southern California (BM 1956), where he studied with Robert Marsteller. In 1958 he began a recording career that eventually included more than 2000 film soundtracks, notably those for The Godfather, Jaws, Titanic, The Matrix, and the Indiana Jones and Star Trek movies, and hundreds of television shows. During his lifetime Johnson was thought to be the most heard tuba player in the United States. He received the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences Most Valuable Player award for tuba for six years in a row from 1974 to 1980; the following year he was designated Emeritus Most Valuable Tuba Player, making him ineligible to win the award again. Johnson also was a member of the Glendale SO and the Los Angeles Tuba Quartet, and he appeared with the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the Pasadena Symphony, and the LA Pops Orchestra....

Article

Martha Woodward

(b Hamilton, NY, June 16, 1919; d Wynnewood, PA, Feb 19, 2009). American horn player. He attended the Curtis Institute (1936–8), where he was a pupil of marcel Tabuteau and fritz Reiner , and joined the Philadelphia Orchestra at Eugene Ormandy’s invitation in 1938. He was its principal horn from 1940 until he retired in 1978. He also worked as its personnel manager (1963–86) and conductor of its in-school concerts. Jones appeared as a soloist and made recordings with the orchestra, as well as with the Philadelphia Woodwind Quintet and the Philadelphia Brass Ensemble. His publications include editions of solos and orchestral studies for horn. In 1946 he was appointed to the faculty of the Curtis Institute, where he served as professor of horn for 49 years. Jones’s playing is characterized by great warmth and naturalness and by a rare cantabile quality. A total control of the dynamic possibilities of his instrument enabled him to achieve a particularly expressive sound....

Article

Danilo Mezzadri

(b Los Angeles, CA, June 3, 1946). American composer, conductor, flutist, and lecturer. Kessner studied composition with henri Lazarof at UCLA where he earned a PhD with Distinction in 1971. He taught music composition and theory at California State University, Northridge, from 1970 to 2006. Kessner has composed more than 100 works: orchestral (14), choir and stage (9), symphonic band (8), and various chamber music settings (80). His music is performed worldwide and has been recorded commercially. His compositional style evolved into centric harmony with explorations in microtonality and free rhythmic associations. While at California State University, he founded and directed The Discovery Players, a contemporary music performance group. He has served as guest conductor for several regional orchestras in the United States and for the Black Sea Philharmonic of Constanta, Romania. With his wife and pianist Dolly Eugenio Kessner, he created the Duo Kessner, which primarily performs contemporary flute literature. Since ...

Article

Jonathan Holden

(b Charlottesville, VA, April 14, 1936). American clarinetist and teacher. She studied with George Waln at Oberlin Conservatory and Stanley Hasty at the Eastman School of Music. She joined the faculty at Michigan State University in 1962 and in 1971 married university colleague, violinist Walter Verdehr. The two formed the Verdehr trio for which they have commissioned over 200 works, significantly expanding the canon of violin-clarinet-piano repertory. She has long maintained an international presence as a concert soloist, ensemble musician, and clinician. She has performed at the Brevard, Marlboro, Tanglewood, and Grand Teton music festivals. A noted proponent of 20th-century clarinet music, she was the founder and host of Michigan State University’s Contemporary Clarinet Festival. The International Clarinet Association presented her with a Lifetime Achievement Award in 2007, and she is a recipient of Michigan State University’s Distinguished Faculty Award.

M. Platt: “A Musical Partnership: 25 Years of the Verdehr Trio,” ...

Article

Katy Romanou

(b Corfu, Greece, May 2, 1911; d Athens, Greece, Jan 17, 1970). Greek music historian, trumpeter, and teacher. He was taught music at an early age in Corfu’s Philharmonic Society. In 1928 he moved to Athens, and studied the trumpet at the Odeion Athinon (‘Athens Conservatory’). He then became a teacher of that instrument at the Ellinikon Odeion (‘Greek Conservatory’) in Athens, and joined the State Orchestra of Athens and the orchestra of the National Lyric Stage.

In 1958 he published his Neoelliniki mousiki: Symvoli eis tin istorian tis (‘Neo-Hellenic music: contribution to its history’). The book, detailed and richly documented, remains today the most comprehensive study on music in the Ionian Islands in the 19th century and early 20th (but not confined to that location). In 1999 Stelios Tzermpinos published an index of names in Neoelliniki mousiki, making it easier to use. However, the book is out of print and difficult to find. It is also difficult to access the ‘Motsenigeio istoriko archeio neoellinikis mousikis’ (‘Motsenigian historic archive of neo-Hellenic music’), the personal library and rich archive of sources collected by Motsenigos over 25 years, and donated by his wife, Litsa Papa, at his death, to the National Library of Athens. Among its resources are 1300 scores – some extremely rare – of works by 124 Greek composers of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th....

Article

David Wright

(Ariah )

(b Brooklyn, NY, March 15, 1933; d New York, NY, Feb 10, 2000). American oboist, teacher, and composer. He first studied recorder and flute, then switched to the oboe at the age of 12 to fill a school orchestra vacancy. His oboe teachers were Abe Klotzman at the High School of Music and Art, Lois Wann at the Henry Street Settlement, and harold Gomberg . He studied composition under Elliott Carter and karol Rathaus at Queens College, CUNY (BA 1950), and privately with ben Weber . In 1973 he began teaching oboe and chamber music at the Juilliard School; he was appointed adjunct professor at Yale University in 1975. Other teaching positions and residencies included SUNY, Stony Brook, the Aspen Music Festival, the Mannes College, and the Aaron Copland School of Music, Queens College. He appeared frequently as a solo recitalist or guest artist, but is best known as principal oboist of several highly regarded chamber ensembles, including the ...