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Article

Edward A. Berlin

[William]

(b Jacksonville, FL, June 17, 1871; d Wiscasset, ME, June 26, 1938). American lyricist, poet, novelist, anthologist, civil rights leader, and international diplomat. He began his professional life as an educator and lawyer in Florida (one of the early African Americans admitted to the Florida Bar), but in the summer of 1899 he and his brother, composer J(ohn) Rosamond Johnson, went to New York with hopes of finding a producer for their operetta. Although they were unsuccessful in this endeavor, they gained entrance to the musical-theater circles of New York; they formed a collaborative relationship with Bob Cole and became one of the outstanding songwriting teams of the early 1900s. Many of their approximately 200 songs were interpolated in musical comedies; among the most successful were “Nobody’s lookin’ but de owl and de moon” (The Sleeping Beauty and the Beast, 1901), “Under the Bamboo Tree” (...

Article

Daniele Buccio

(Henry )

(b Canton, OH, Aug 18, 1905; d West Redding, CT, July 31, 1978). American composer, violinist, bandleader, recording engineer, and producer. After graduating from Johns Hopkins University, he performed as a light classical violinist in the United States and Europe. During the 1930s he studied conducting with Maurice Frigara in Paris. After a near-fatal car accident in 1940, he organized his own dance band, the Light Brigade, which recorded for RCA and Columbia. After he disbanded it at the turn of the decade, Light devoted himself to management, working for several record companies before becoming president of Waldorf Music Hall Records in 1954. He founded his own label, Grand Award, in 1956 and had success with Dixieland and honky-tonk piano albums. In 1959, he founded Command Records on which he released Persuasive Percussion, the first in a successful series of high-fidelity albums that used stereo technology to great advantage. Over the next two decades, he continued to produce hit albums drawing on the latest technological savvy and packaged with covers usually designed by Josef Albers. Musicians who appeared on Light’s albums include the Free Design, Doc Severinsen, Dick Hyman, Bobby Byrne, and Bobby Hackett. In ...

Article

Dale Cockrell

(b Philadelphia, PA, Oct 10, 1802; d New York, July 6, 1864). American poet and librettist. He was a well-known poet, important editor, social figure, and member of the “Knickerbocker” school of New York artists. The New-York Mirror and Ladies’ Literary Gazette and Home Journal, both of which Morris had a hand in founding and editing, were highly influential literary magazines. Among the composers who set his sentimental verse were Stephen Foster (“Open thy Lattice Love”), the Hutchinson Family Singers (“My Mother’s Bible” and other poems), Henry Russell (“Woodman, Spare that Tree,” which became enormously popular), and C.E. Horn (“Near the Lake, where Droop’d the Willow”). With Horn, Morris wrote the opera, The Maid of Saxony, which was produced at the Park Theatre in New York in 1842.

H.B. Wallace: “Memoir of George P. Morris,” in G.P. Morris: Poems (New York, 1860), 13–48 P. Barnard: “George Pope Morris,” ...

Article

Peter Kemp

Austrian family of dance music composers and musicians of Hungarian origin. Through a combination of melodic invention and masterly orchestral technique, allied to an astute sense of the commercial, they elevated 19th-century popular music, and especially the Viennese Waltz, to a consummate form.

Johann Strauss (b Vienna, March 14, 1804; d Vienna, Sept 25, 1849)

Johann Strauss (b Vienna, Oct 25, 1825; d Vienna, June 3, 1899)

Josef Strauss (b Vienna, Aug 20, 1827; d Vienna, July 22, 1870)

Eduard Strauss (b Vienna, March 15, 1835; d Vienna, Dec 28, 1916)

Johann Strauss (iii) (b Vienna, Feb 16, 1866; d Berlin-Schöneberg, Jan 9, 1939)

Eduard Strauss (b Vienna, March 24, 1910; d Vienna, April 6, 1969)

A Periodicals and journals. B Catalogues and bibliographies. C Lives and works: general studies. D Lives and works: particular aspects. E Stage works of Johann Strauss II....