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Article

Margaret Laurie and Curtis Price

[ Pierre Antoine ]

( b Rouen, Feb 25, 1663; d London, Feb 18, 1718). English writer and playwright of French birth. A Huguenot refugee, he came to London in 1685 and was naturalized a year later. His literary career began with the publication of the Gentleman's Journal (1692–4), a monthly magazine catering for a wide range of tastes, which included both comments on music and a music supplement, and which he edited and partly wrote (with unacknowledged borrowings from the Mercure de France). In this periodical Motteux offered the classic apologia for semi-opera: ‘Other Nations bestow the name of Opera only on such Plays whereof every word is sung. But experience hath taught us that our English genius will not rellish that perpetual Singing’. His dramatic works include a number of masques and musical interludes: possibly The Rape of Europa (performed with an adaptation of Fletcher's Valentinian, 1694), certainly ...

Article

Anthony C. Baines

revised by Darryl Martin

(b London, 1664; d Spofforth, 1708). English writer on music . He was educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge where he matriculated in 1683, becoming a minor Fellow in 1689 and major Fellow in 1690. He played a leading role in the early promotion of Cambridge University Press. He was Regius Professor of Hebrew at Cambridge from 1699 to 1704 when he moved to Spofforth, where he had a rectorship since 1700. He received his doctorate from Cambridge in 1705. His importance to music history derives from his manuscript GB-Och Music MS 1187 (formerly owned by Henry Aldrich) which provides copious information on instruments. The manuscript, which was probably written between 1690 and 1700, consists mainly of 250 numbered sheets on which are recorded details of instruments; much of the information was obtained first-hand from leading players and makers (including Gottfried Finger, John Banister (ii), James Paisible, John Shore and William Bull) and from Talbot’s examination and measurement of instruments provided by these men. Other pages record tunings and tablatures, or quotations from Praetorius, Mersenne and Kircher. The remainder of the manuscript, including sections on ancient Greek music, is in another hand....