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[Jacob ]

(b Graz, July 20, 1762; d Djakovar [now Đakovo], March 24, 1826). Austrian composer, singer and choirmaster. He joined Schikaneder’s company at Vienna’s Theater auf der Wieden in or around 1789, acted and sang tenor roles and, from the mid-1790s, supplied the theatre with Singspiele and incidental music. After the death of his first wife in 1806 he left Vienna and went to Djakovar, Slavonia, where he spent the rest of his life as choirmaster at the cathedral. On 7 January 1807 he married Sophie Weber, thereby becoming Mozart’s posthumous brother-in-law. After Haibel’s death, his widow moved to Salzburg and lived with her sister Constanze; Sophie Haibel had been close to Mozart in his last months, as is made clear by the moving report she wrote in 1825 for Constanze’s second husband, G.N. Nissen.

Haibel’s first score for Schikaneder, the ballet Le nozze disturbate, was given no fewer than 39 times in ...


Peter Branscombe

(b Steinkirchen, Aug 12, 1751; d Munich, Oct 21, 1805). Austrian composer, singer, violinist and conductor. He studied at Linz before moving to Vienna, where he probably continued his studies but also taught. In 1781 (Wurzbach) or 1782 (Lipowsky) he married the singer Johanna Roithner (who later sang at the Munich Opera until at least 1811). The couple were at Brünn (now Brno) in 1783 as members of Waizhofer's company, and in 1785 they moved on to Linz, where Lasser directed the company in the 1786–7 season. In 1788, after a brief season as director at Eszterháza, he rejoined Waizhofer, then at Graz. In 1791 the Lassers went to Munich, where he distinguished himself at court by singing arias in all four registers, and by playing a violin concerto. Apart from a successful guest appearance as singer and violinist in Berlin in 1797 he remained in Munich for the remainder of his life, well loved and respected as both man and musician....


( b Vila Rica, c 1730; d Vila Rica, c 1793). Brazilian composer, singer and conductor active in the province of Minas Gerais during the colonial period. He is first mentioned as a singer in the records of the Brotherhood of Our Lady of Mercy. On 16 April 1752 he entered the Brotherhood of St Joseph of Coloured Men (St Joseph’s was the church of the many mulattos in Vila Rica), and took part in its musical affairs. Three works bearing Neves’s name are extant: a Credo for mixed chorus and small orchestra (1780–85), divided into six sections and written in a pre-Classical homophonic style (Curt Lange Archive, Ouro Prêto); a Salve regina (copy, dated 1895, in Archive Pão de Santo Antonio, Diamantina) and an incomplete Christmas oratorio, Oratoria ao Menino Deos para a noite de Natal (1789), in the vernacular (Music Museum, Mariana), whose two existing parts (soprano and instrumental bass) indicate its large proportions. He also wrote a ...


Gerard Béhague

(b ?Vila Rica, c1746; d Vila Rica, Feb 9, 1808). Brazilian composer, singer and conductor. He was active in Minas Gerais during the colonial period. On 2 June 1768 he entered the Brotherhood of St Joseph of Coloured Men (St Joseph’s was the church of the many mulattos in Vila Rica). In 1780 he was mentioned as a contralto in a document of the Royal Senate of the city of Vila Rica. About 1800 he succeeded the composer Lôbo de Mesquita as conductor for the Brotherhood of the Third Order of Carmo. The records of the Brotherhood of St Joseph mention him as kettledrummer in the local regiment of dragoons, an indication of the varied sources of income of many colonial musicians.

Rocha appears to have been a prolific composer, though most of his compositions have been lost. His extant works are: Novena de Nossa Senhora do Pilar a 4...