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(b Pisky, near Khar′kiv, 8/Sept 20, 1876; d Paris, Jan 8, 1945). Ukrainian composer and pianist. Aged ten he was sent, along with his brother Yakiv (later known as the composer Stepovy), to sing in the choir of the Imperial Chapel in St Petersburg. It was during his time there (1886–95) that he began to compose under the influence of his teachers Balakirev and Lyapunov. He finished studies with Rimsky-Korsakov and Lyadov at the St Petersburg Conservatory in 1901, the year in which the latter conducted the first performance of the Lyric Poem, op.20. Akimenko then became the director of a music school in Tbilisi (1901–03). He performed widely as a pianist, particularly in France and Switzerland, and lived for a while in Paris (1903–06) before returning to Khar′kiv. In 1914 he was invited to teach composition and theory at the St Petersburg Conservatory, a post he held until ...

Article

Juan Orrego-Salas

revised by Luis Merino

(b Santiago, Sept 2, 1911; d Santiago, Aug 2, 1954). Chilean composer and pianist. He studied with Allende for composition and Renard for the piano at the Santiago National Conservatory (1923–35), where he then held appointments as coach at the opera department (1935), assistant professor of the piano (1937), professor of analysis (1940), and director (1945). At the same time he taught at the Liceo Manuel de Salas in Santiago. He was secretary-general to the Instituto de Extensión Musical (from 1941), a founder-director of the Escuela Moderna de Música, Santiago (1940), and a member of various arts societies. In 1943 he went to the USA as a guest of the Institute of International Education and in 1953 he was in Europe for the performance of his Wind Sextet at the ISCM Festival. His early compositions show the influences of French music and Chilean folklore; from the late 1940s his work became more Expressionist and abstract....

Article

John-Carlos Perea

(b Big Cove, Qualla Boundary, NC, May 13, 1918; d Big Cove, March 28, 2012). Native American elder, singer, dancer, banjoist, and teacher. A member of the Cherokee tribe, he was introduced to Cherokee music and dance as a child by his uncle Will West Long, an elder in the Big Cove community and co-author of Cherokee Dance and Drama (Berkeley, 1951, 2/1983). He taught and performed Cherokee music and dance and formed the Raven Rock Dancers in the 1980s. Calhoun is the recipient of numerous awards recognizing his work as a teacher and culture bearer including the first Sequoyah Award in 1988, the North Carolina Folk Heritage Award in 1990, and a National Heritage Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts in 1992. He may be heard on such albums as Where the Ravens Roost: Cherokee Traditional Songs of Walker Calhoun (Mountain Heritage Center Recording, ...

Article

Rachel Samet

(b Philadelphia, PA, Oct 30, 1886; d New York, NY, Jan 25, 1962).

American pianist, composer, singer, and teacher. His early musical studies were with his father, Samuel James Diton, a professional musician. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1909 and became the first African American pianist to make a cross-country tour of the United States. A protégé of E(mma) Azalia Hackley, he received a scholarship to study in Munich, Germany from 1910–11. After returning to the United States, he taught at Paine College, Georgia (1911–14), Wiley University, Texas (1914–15) and Talladega College, Alabama (1915–18). Seeking a more active musical community, he returned to the Northeast, where he continued to perform as a pianist. He accompanied singers such as Marian Anderson and Jules Bledsoe, and taught privately in Philadelphia and New York City. Also an active composer, he gained acclaim for his solo and choral transcriptions of Negro spirituals and won many prizes for his compositions, including a Harmon award for composition in ...

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Carl B. Hancock

(Thomas )

(b Hollywood, CA, April 13, 1945; d Arlington, VA, June 29, 1979). American Rock singer, songwriter, guitarist, and leader of the group Little Feat.

Georgia, University of. State university founded in Athens in 1785. The university’s current enrollment exceeds 34,000 students. The Department of Music was established in 1928 with the hiring of alumnus Hugh Hodgson as the first professor of music, and was later named the Hodgson School of Music. The first degree programs were established between 1930 and 1941. Currently the school offers the BA and BM in composition, education, therapy, performance, and theory, and a certificate program in music business. Graduate degrees include the MA, MM, MME, EdS, DMA, EdD, and PhD in musicology, composition, conducting, performance, music literature, education, theory, musicology, and ethnomusicology. In 2009 enrollment reached 450 students (300 undergraduates, 150 graduate students) guided by a faculty of 65. The Music Library holds over 130,000 titles, including the archival collections of Guido Adler, ...

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Philip Lieson Miller

(b Brooklyn, NY, Jan 4, 1887; d Chapel Hill, NC, Sept 4, 1963). American pianist, singing teacher, and composer. He was the son of the sculptor Robert P. Golde. He studied piano with Hugo Troetschel in Brooklyn, and credited the development of his tastes to attending performances at the Metropolitan Opera and Walter Damrosch’s children’s concerts. At Dartmouth College he wrote a three-act musical show for his class prom, the success of which decided him in favor of a musical career. After graduating in 1910, he spent three years at the Vienna Conservatory studying counterpoint and composition with Robert Fuchs, as well as voice and score reading. He returned to New York and accompanied many well-known musicians, including Elman, Thibaud, Casals, Salmond, Tertis, Rethberg, Jeritza, Gerhardt, Teyte, Garden, Bampton, Seagle, Bonelli, Tibbett, and Melchior. His song At Nightfall (1918) was the first of many that were to become part of the repertories of famous singers; he also wrote piano music. Golde conducted the De Feo Opera Company in ...

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Andrea Low

(Kaleihoku )

(b Honolulu, Hawaii, Jan 7, 1881; d Miami, FL, 1962). Hawaiian ukulele, slide guitar, and mandolin player, singer, writer, teacher, and manufacturer. Active in a wide variety of musical roles, he was the most influential Hawaiian musician of the early 20th century. An accomplished performer and recording artist, he played in and organized many ensembles as the century opened, and was said to have established Honolulu’s first modern dance band, fostering a number of talented musicians including Johnny Noble. From 1909 to 1917 he manufactured ukuleles through the Kaai Ukulele Manufacturing Company and initiated the role of the ukulele as a featured instrument of the Hawaiian orchestra (see Ukulele). He subsequently introduced and popularized Hawaiian music through his music schools in Honolulu, Detroit, and San Francisco, and on ensemble tours of Australasia, Southeast Asia, Japan, and India between 1911 and 1937.

He wrote the earliest known ukulele method (...

Article

Péter P. Várnai

(b Budapest, April 27, 1919; d Budapest, May 22, 1981). Hungarian viola player, singer and teacher. He studied at the Budapest Academy with Imre Waldbauer (violin), 1934–9, and with Imre Molnár (singing), 1937–43. While still a student he sang in oratorio and changed from the violin to the viola. He was appointed a professor of singing at the academy in 1946, and leader of the viola faculty in 1947, when he also became principal viola of the Hungarian State Opera orchestra. The first Hungarian to gain an international reputation as a viola player, he won the 1948 Geneva International Competition, and toured widely in Europe. He was admired for his warm timbre, faultless technique and stylish musicianship over a wide repertory, and he applied the style of the Hungarian violin school to the viola. He gave the first performance of Hartmann's Concerto at the 1958 Venice Biennale, and inspired a number of new works by Hungarian composers, including Gyula Dávid’s Concerto, which he recorded. Lukács brought about a new critical appreciation of the viola in Hungary, and was an outstanding teacher. He edited classical and modern works and published a pedagogical work, ...

Article

Gerard Béhague

(b Mexico City, Nov 11, 1932). Mexican ethnomusicologist, singer, percussionist and music administrator. She studied at the Colegio Juan de Dios Peza in San Luis Potosí (BA in philosophy and letters), the National Conservatory of Music in Mexico City (singing and percussion, 1959–67) and the Idyllwild School of Music of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles (1965–70). Concurrently she lectured extensively on Mexican folk music in the USA and Europe and pursued a career as a performer. In 1966 she became head of the Sección de Investigaciones Musicales and in 1974 director of the Centro Nacional de Investigación, Documentación e Información Musical of the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes and of the instrument museum of the same institute, where she also inaugurated the annual courses in ethnomusicology (1967–72). As an official researcher of the institute, she has studied and published in the areas of Mexican music history, folklore, dance, and ethnomusicology....

Article

Matthew Harp Allen

(b Madras [now Chennai], India, Aug 13, 1927; d Hartford, CT, Sept 10, 2002). flutist, vocalist, and ethnomusicologist of Indian birth. Born into a family of musicians and dancers, he received his musical training from his mother T. Jayammal and from flutist T.N. Swaminatha Pillai, an MA in economics from Annamalai University (1951), and a PhD in ethnomusicology from Wesleyan University (1975).

He first came to the United States as a Fulbright scholar at UCLA (1958–60), was reader and head of the department of Indian music at the University of Madras (1961–6), and returned to the United States, where he studied ethnomusicology at Wesleyan University (1967–1970), taught at the California Institute of the Arts (1970–5), and then worked in the faculty of Wesleyan University (1975–2002).

He was honored in India with the Kalaimamani Award by the government of Tamil Nadu (...