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(b Rabestenne, Hautes-Pyrénées, 1525; d Geneva, Aug 31, 1561). French philologist and printer. He practised as a doctor and was known as a humanist. In 1554 he collaborated with Matthieu Bonhomme at Lyons, editing texts by Clenardo, Hippocrates and Terence. He settled at Geneva early in 1559 and on 25 May 1560 was granted a privilege to print ‘une nouvelle invention de musique sur les Pseaulmes’. This invention was a new and simple mnemonic aid for memorizing the music; it is explained and illustrated in a collection of 83 psalms printed by Michel Du Bois in 1560. The system, based on numbers rather than solmization syllables, was later adopted by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Projet concernant de nouveaux signes pour la musique, Geneva, 1781; ed. and trans. B. Rainbow, Kilkenny, 1982). (See Notation, fig.) Pidoux (1986 and 1993) suggested that Davantes was the author of 42 melodies for the new psalm paraphrases by Bèze, published together in the Huguenot psalter in ...

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Claude V. Palisca

[ Peretola, Decimo Corinella da ]

( b Florence, May 27, 1519; d Rome, July 1594). Italian humanist, editor of Greek texts and historian of Greek music. His pioneering research into Greek music was of fundamental importance and a decisive influence on the emergence of monody and music drama.

Mei studied with the philosopher and humanist Piero Vettori, whom he assisted in editing and annotating the tragedies of Aeschylus and Euripides and works by Aristotle, Cicero, Thucydides, Ptolemy and other classical authors. In 1540, the year of its founding, he was admitted into the Accademia Fiorentina, then called Accademia de' Umidi. He was also a member of the Accademia dei Pianigiani, for which he wrote several treatises in its private jargon under the pseudonym Decimo Corinella da Peretola, and in 1585 he was honoured with non-resident membership of the Accademia degli Alterati. A journey to Rome in 1546 led to a position with the Bishop of Agen in France, but he was back in Florence in ...

Article

Tessa Murray

revised by Philip Brett

(b Norwich, 1557 or 1558; d London, early Oct 1602). English composer, editor, theorist, publisher and organist. He was the most influential figure, as writer and editor as well as composer, in the Elizabethan vogue for the Italian madrigal, which reached its peak during the eight years in which his works first appeared in print (1593–1601). Although a taste for madrigalian music can be discerned in England for a much longer period, it was Morley who appears to have been chiefly responsible for grafting the Italian shoot on to the native stock and initiating the curiously brief but brilliant flowering of the madrigal that constitutes one of the most colourful episodes in the history of English music. In much the same way, it was Morley who provided the impetus for a rapid expansion in the production of printed secular music in London during the last decade of the 16th century....

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(b ?Bergeijk, c 1510–20; d after 1589). Dutch teacher, publisher and music theorist . The classical courtesy-form of his name, Oridryus, is a pun on his probable birthplace, Bergeijk; both names mean mountain-oak, in Greek and Dutch respectively, and his printer's mark was an oak on a knoll. He may have been related to Arnold van Bergheyk (d ?1533) or to the Eyck family of Brussels. He was headmaster of the grammar school at Amersfoort in the Netherlands probably from 1542 to 1550. In 1550 he was charged with heresy and was ordered by Charles V to leave the city. He is next heard of as being at the Gymnasium Illustre in Düsseldorf from 1556 to 1572 and according to his Practicae musicae utriusque praecepta brevia (Düsseldorf, 1557) he was a teacher there. At this time he set up a printing business there with Albert Buys, his brother-in-law. From ...

Article

Walther Lipphardt

revised by Clytus Gottwald

(b Biberach, nr Heilbronn, c1480; d Halle, April 1539). German monk and theologian . He entered the Dominican order about 1500 and was made prior of the monastery in Wimpfen. In 1506 he belonged to the monastery in Heidelberg, where he studied and took the doctorate of theology in 1513 and became regens in 1515. He represented the Catholics in all the important synods, conferences and Imperial Diets of the Reformation era. In 1520 Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg appointed him provost of the newly founded abbey church in Halle and made him Councillor for Religious Affairs and archdeacon, and chancellor of the new Halle University. In various writings from the period 1531–6 Vehe defended the Catholic doctrine against the reformers. In collaboration with the last Catholic mayor of Halle, Caspar Querhammer, the theologian Georg Witzel and the organists Johann Hoffman and Wolff Heintz, Vehe produced the first Catholic hymnbook with music, ...

Article

(b ?Leipzig, Sept 29, 1526; d Torgau, March 10, 1606). German theorist, editor and Kantor . In 1544 he matriculated at Wittenberg University where he was a pupil and supporter of Coclico; he also held a post in the cathedral Kantorei there, serving under Johann Walter (i). In 1549 on the recommendation of Melanchthon he was appointed Kantor in Meissen, succeeding Johann Reusch. Later the same year he left to take up a similar post in Torgau as successor to Johann Walter (i); he retired from this post in 1604.

Vogt’s most important work is the Definitio, divisio musices, et eius subdivisio (Basle, 1557); it is thought to have been reprinted twice in 1575 under different titles: Stoicheoisis harmonica and Systemata seu scala harmonica. Printed on a large sheet and folded at the centre, this presents in schematic form a classification of the whole field of music, together with humanistic poems by Coler, Diaconus, Fabricius, Melanchthon and Siberus, diagrams representing the mathematical ratios of the musical intervals, two short two-part canons and pictorial representations of legendary figures important in music (e.g. Tubal, Pythagoras, Orpheus), each of which is accompanied by two lines of Latin verse (distichs)....