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Article

Michael Fend

(Carlo Zanobi Salvadore Maria )

(b Florence, 8/Sept 14, 1760; d Paris, March 15, 1842). Italian, composer, conductor, teacher, administrator, theorist, and music publisher, active in France. He took French citizenship, probably in 1794, and was a dominant figure in Parisian musical life for half a century. He was a successful opera composer during the Revolutionary period, and had comparable success with religious music from the beginning of the Restoration. He was made director of the Paris Conservatoire and consolidated its pre-eminent position in music education in Europe.

In the biographical preface to his work catalogue, compiled in 1831, Cherubini gave 8 and 14 September as his dates of birth, but the records of the baptistery of S Giovanni state that he was born on 14 September (and baptized the following day). He was the tenth of 12 children. It has been claimed that his mother died when he was four years old (Pougin, ...

Article

Carolyn Gianturco

(b Chieti, May 30, 1892; d Grottaferrata, nr Rome, May 10, 1973). Italian musicologist, editor and administrator. He began to play the violin when he was six and the piano when he was 12, and after schooling in Chieti he studied engineering at the University of Turin (1909–14). At 20 he was made editor-in-chief of the weekly Riforma musicale, published in 1913–15 and briefly in 1918; concurrently he organized concerts of contemporary chamber music in Turin. He founded and edited Il pianoforte (1920–27), which in 1928 became the Rassegna musicale (later with Ronga and Mila as co-editors); after an interruption during the war (1944–6) it moved to Rome (1947), where it subsequently became Quaderni della Rassegna musicale (1962). He also founded Studi musicali (1972–3). The first Congresso Italiano di Musica (Turin, 1921) was held partly under the auspices of Gatti's journal ...

Article

Zofia Chechlińska

(b Kęty, nr Kraków, Dec 7, 1782; d Kraków, July 4, 1868). Polish bookseller and historian. In 1797 he began working in Groebel’s bookshop in Kraków, and there came into contact with a number of leading historians who aroused his fascination in the subject. After 20 years Grabowski opened his own bookshop, which he eventually closed in 1837 in order to devote himself exclusively to collecting historical material. His work in this field resulted in several books between 1840 and 1854, and also a number of articles published mainly in Biblioteka Warszawska (1850–65). These writings contain information on general Polish history, art history and the history of Kraków, and also a great deal of valuable material derived from primary sources concerning music and musicians in Poland. It was through Grabowski that historical interest in musical matters was first aroused in Poland. (PSB, K. Estreicher)

Dawne zabytki miasta Krakowa...

Article

Richard Macnutt

(b Neath, Glam., July 3, 1898; d Albury, Surrey, April 28, 1977). English music bibliographer and bookseller. He was a civil engineer until 1931, when he founded the First Edition Bookshop. In 1934 his firm issued the first of a series of some 70 catalogues of antiquarian music editions, manuscripts, and books on music; these catalogues are of permanent interest for bibliographical reference. His major contributions to scholarship are his bibliographies of the first and early editions of Berlioz, Gluck, Field, Puccini and Verdi – pioneering works of reference and essential for scholarly work on these composers – as is his Dictionary of Parisian Music Publishers in dating French musical publications. His article ‘The Fundamentals of Music Bibliography’ provides a definition and a historical survey of music bibliography and a summary of his own principles. Hopkinson served on the Technical Consultative Committee of the British Union-Catalogue of Early Music from its inception in ...

Article

(b Brooklyn, NY, July 11, 1948). American aesthetician. After attending the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1965–9), gaining the BS degree in Philosophy and Chemistry in 1969, he studied at the University of Michigan (1970–74), achieving the doctorate in philosophy in 1974. He was assistant professor of philosophy at SUNY, Albany (1974–5) and at the Farleigh Dickinson University (1975–6). In 1976 he became assistant professor at the University of Maryland, where he was later appointed associate professor (1982–91) and then professor of philosophy in 1991. He has in addition been a visiting professor at the University of London (1991), the John Hopkins University (1993) and the University of Rennes (1998). He has served on the editorial board of the Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism (from 1993) and in 1999 was elected vice-president of the American Society for Aesthetics. Levinson's interest in the aesthetics of music has led to an examination of musical ontology from a historical-contextual perspective, and performance, with an emphasis on performing means. He has propounded theories of evaluating music (...

Article

Claire Brook

(b New York City, April 28, 1960). American editor, administrator, and musicologist. She studied at Dickinson College (BA 1982) and the University of Michigan (MA 1986, PhD 1993), with a dissertation on comic opera’s dissemination in Italy in the 1740s. She began working for Répertoire International de Littérature Musicale (RILM) in 1993, becoming a supervising editor and then managing editor in 1994, charged primarily with bringing RILM’s financial affairs in order. In 1996 she became editor in chief. Under Mackenzie’s direction, RILM has flourished, maintaining its position as the discipline’s most respected music-bibliographic database, now published principally online.

In 1999 Mackenzie took on an additional responsibility as director of the Barry S. Brook Center for Music Research and Documentation, CUNY, a scholarly facility that promotes and provides a setting for wide-ranging research and documentation activities in music. Its projects include RILM, the Research Center for Music Iconography, Music in Gotham: The New York Scene, ...

Article

David Scott

revised by Richard Alston

( Charles Peter )

( b London, Feb 6, 1925). English musicologist, publisher and administrator . He studied at Dulwich College (1939–42) and from 1945 taught in London. He is largely self-taught in music, although he spent one year at Durham University (1949–50), where he studied with Arthur Hutchings and A.E.F. Dickinson. In 1947 he founded Music Survey and edited it (from 1949 with Hans Keller) until it ceased publication in 1952 (it was reprinted in full in 1981). From 1953 to 1957 he wrote regularly for the Musical Times, and from 1958 to 1962 edited Tempo for Boosey & Hawkes, for which firm he was music adviser in 1963–4. He was on the music staff of the Daily Telegraph (1959–64), and in 1964 music critic for The Listener. In 1958 he was appointed head of the music department of Faber & Faber; following a suggestion from Benjamin Britten in ...

Article

Nigel Simeone

(b Eichstätt, Feb 23, 1921). German antiquarian dealer, publisher and bibliographer. He founded his antiquarian business at Tutzing near Munich in 1949, issuing a number of catalogues each year. Several of these have become useful works of reference on individual composers, including Brahms, Mozart, Paganini and Schumann, while an innovative series devoted to individual publishers, including Schott, André and Universal Edition, has also been produced. By 1998 the firm had issued over 350 antiquarian catalogues, usually devoted to one of three specialist areas: important manuscripts and letters, first and early editions, and music literature. Through its prolific but scrupulously detailed catalogues, the firm established itself as one of the most important in postwar Europe.

In 1958 Schneider founded a publishing house which has produced some fine facsimiles such as Beethoven's Missa solemnis (Kyrie only) and Brahms's Clarinet Trio. A significant aspect of the firm's activity has been the publication of scholarly series such as the pioneering Musikbibliographische Arbeiten guides to the first editions of composers from Mozart to Messiaen. Other series include Orff-Dokumentation (8 vols.), a catalogue of music in the Hoboken Collection (...

Article

Julian Rushton

(b Besançon, Jan 15, 1735; d Paris, July 20, 1817). French man of letters. Suard went to Paris in 1750 after a turbulent youth and was introduced into literary circles by Marmontel. In his multifarious activity in philosophy, literature and politics, he was a dramatic censor from 1777 and an administrator of the Opéra from 1781; elected to the Académie Française in 1772, he became its secretary in 1803. He collaborated with La Harpe on the Journal de politique et de littérature (1778–81) and with Arnaud in various journals and the miscellany Variétés littéraires. Suard had a special interest in English literature and philosophy; among his friends were Hume and Walpole, and he translated Richardson’s Clarissa. He began editing the musical part of the Encyclopédie méthodique, published by his brother-in-law Pancoucke; pressure of other interests forced him to relinquish the work to N.E. Framery.

An eager controversialist, Suard is said to have taken music lessons the better to defend Gluck, who appealed to him for support; thus equipped he refuted La Harpe’s criticisms ably and in detail in a series of letters to the ...

Article

Walther Lipphardt

revised by Clytus Gottwald

(b Biberach, nr Heilbronn, c1480; d Halle, April 1539). German monk and theologian . He entered the Dominican order about 1500 and was made prior of the monastery in Wimpfen. In 1506 he belonged to the monastery in Heidelberg, where he studied and took the doctorate of theology in 1513 and became regens in 1515. He represented the Catholics in all the important synods, conferences and Imperial Diets of the Reformation era. In 1520 Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg appointed him provost of the newly founded abbey church in Halle and made him Councillor for Religious Affairs and archdeacon, and chancellor of the new Halle University. In various writings from the period 1531–6 Vehe defended the Catholic doctrine against the reformers. In collaboration with the last Catholic mayor of Halle, Caspar Querhammer, the theologian Georg Witzel and the organists Johann Hoffman and Wolff Heintz, Vehe produced the first Catholic hymnbook with music, ...

Article

Michele Bowen Hustedt

(b Centerville, IA, Sept 17, 1912; d Iowa City, IA, Nov 22, 2011). American educator, administrator, scholar, and editor. He earned degrees from the University of Iowa in Chemical Engineering and Psychology of Music. Unable to find employment in science, he was hired as woodwind instructor (1939–54) and later director (1954–80) of the University of Iowa School of Music. As chairman of the Commission on Graduate Studies for the National Association of Schools of Music, he helped develop the Doctor of Musical Arts degree program. Under his leadership the UI School of Music became one of the first institutions to offer the program. He served as a member of the academic panel for cultural exchange projects for the United States Department of State and as vice-president of the National Association of College Wind and Percussion Instructors. He co-authored a series of instructional methods for wind instruments that have been widely used throughout the United States since ...

Article

Paula Morgan

(b Patton, PA, April 2, 1927). American liturgiologist . He took two BA degrees at St Vincent College (1949 and 1952) and the MS in piano at the Juilliard School (1954), and then took further graduate courses at Columbia University. From 1957 to 1967 he was associated with St Vincent College, first as a music teacher and later in administrative positions, including those of chancellor and chairman of the board of directors. He was a member of the university seminar in medieval studies at Columbia, 1957–66. In 1967 he was appointed abbot primate of the Benedictine Confederation and in 1977 he became the Archbishop of Milwaukee. He was also music editor of the New Catholic Encyclopedia. His principal interests are medieval Latin drama and music theorists, and Ambrosian chant. He studied the compositions and theoretical writings of Hucbald, and his transcription of the Play of Daniel...