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Article

Paula Morgan

(b Philadelphia, July 8, 1899; d Philadelphia, July 6, 1984). American musicologist and music librarian. He studied Romance languages and literature at the University of Pennsylvania, where he received the BA in 1921, the MA in 1925 and the PhD in 1931, and at the University of Copenhagen from 1922 to 1923. He taught both French and music at the University of Pennsylvania from 1923 until 1970, when he retired as emeritus professor of music. From 1937 he was curator of the university library, which was renamed the Otto E. Albrecht Music Library on his retirement. He also held several government positions, serving on the Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees for Bavaria (1945–6), as chief of the publications section for the United States Military Government in Hesse (1947) and in Russia as specialist in musicology for the Department of State (1961).

Albrecht's historical interests included music in America to ...

Article

Wayne D. Shirley

(Bunshaft)

(b Brookline, MA, Nov 28, 1943). American conductor, musicologist, and music librarian. Anderson attended Bryn Mawr (BA 1965), the University of Illinois (MM 1969), and the University of Maryland (MLS 1989). Anderson was a Music Librarian at the Library of Congress from 1978 to 1995 before resigning to pursue an independent career as a conductor, specializing in the conducting of music to accompany the showings of silent films. Her interest in this area began in the late 1970s while working on the score for Carl Dreyer’s The Passion of Joan of Arc. Her conducting is informed by scholarly work; whenever possible her performances use the music for its original release; lacking that, she compiles a score using material which might have been used during the film’s first showings. A good example of her work is the 1922 film Häxan (now on Criterion Collection DVD 134)....

Article

Jan Trojan and Geoffrey Chew

(b Rataje u Kroměříže, June 3, 1887; d Prague, Jan 25, 1949). Czech composer and musicologist. He studied at Prague University under Nejedlý and Hostinský, receiving the PhD in 1912 for a dissertation on Moravian folk opera in the 18th century. He studied composition under Novák (1908–10) and counterpoint under Ostrčil (1920), and he devoted himself to composition after his appointment as head of the musical archive at the National Museum in Prague (now the Muzeum české hudby) in 1915, though his contemporaries always regarded him as a Moravian composer. In the 1920s he was an official in the Society for Modern Music. Passing from late-Romanticism into a distinctive modernism after World War I, his music remained broadly lyrical, with traces of Moravian folk influence, and with mainly triadic (though often non-functional) harmony. Most of his numerous works are cast in extended forms. His vocal works remained in the repertoire long after World War II, especially the choral works....

Article

Paula Morgan

(b New York, Sept 2, 1906; d Brattleboro, VT, April 7, 2001). American music scholar and librarian. He was educated at the College of the City of New York, New York University, the Institute of Musical Art and the Mannes College of Music; his studies included the violin and chamber music with Louis Sveçenski, composition with Bernard Wagenaar and Hans Weisse, and musicology with Sachs and Reese. From 1931 to 1968 he worked in the music division of the New York Public Library as head of the Rare Book and Manuscript Collections, editor of music publications and curator of the Toscanini Memorial Archives; from 1950 to 1968 he taught at the Mannes College of Music. In 1968 he became director of libraries and a member of the faculty at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston. He retired in 1976.

Beck’s principal fields of study were early string techniques and performing practice, textual analyses and criticism (see his ...

Article

Paula Morgan

(b New York, June 28, 1918; d Paris, March 23, 1980). American musicologist and music librarian. She studied with James Friskin at the Juilliard School, taking a diploma in the piano in 1938; she received the BA at Hunter College the following year. After graduate work in musicology at the University of Iowa, she received the MA in 1951 and the PhD in 1961. She was music librarian at the University of Iowa from 1953; in 1967 she was appointed associate professor of music there. She was president of the Music Library Association, 1962–3, and became secretary of the AMS in 1972 and editor of Fontes artis musicae in 1976.

Among Benton's interests was French music of the late 18th century. She endeavoured to solve the difficult bibliographical problems associated with Ignace Pleyel, whose compositions appear in different arrangements, with altered titles, or with movements transposed, added or omitted in different publications. Her translation of Frits Noske's ...

Article

Malcolm Turner

(Jean Etienne Charles Marie)

(b Ghent, Jan 23, 1868; d Ghent, Nov 14, 1935). Belgian musicologist and librarian. As a university student at Ghent, Bergmans attended piano and violin classes at Ghent Conservatory and had private lessons in music theory from Hendrik Waelput. In 1885, while still at university, he began to write music criticism for Flandre libérale and continued to do so until his death. In 1892 he took a post as assistant librarian at Ghent University, where he remained for the rest of his professional life. He became principal librarian there in 1919 and in the same year accepted the chair of musicology at Ghent, the first to be established at a Belgian university. In the following year he became a member of the Académie Royale de Belgique. Bergmans was interested in all branches of history, not merely that of music, and with his training as a historian and librarian, had an exact and painstaking cast of mind. Throughout most of his life he played an important part in the commission for the ...

Article

Charles Mould

(b Bristol, UK, 1919; d Oxford, UK, Nov 25, 1999). English scholar and librarian. After reading Classics at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge (MA), Boalch became librarian of the Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Hertfordshire. In March 1962 he was appointed Keeper of Scientific Books at the Radcliffe Science Library, Bodleian Library, Oxford (a position he held until he retired in 1975), and in 1965 he was elected a Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. He was also an FSA. His love of music and gift for information collection and management were essential for the production of his most enduring work, Makers of the Harpsichord and Clavichord 1440–1840 (Oxford, 1956; 3/1995, ed. C. Mould), a standard reference in the field of keyboard organology, offering a model for the identification and presentation of significant data about persons and keyboard instruments.

C. Mould: ‘Donald Howard Boalch: 1914–1999’, GSJ, vol.53 (2000), 9....

Article

Sergio Martinotti

(b Rome, 11/Jan 16, 1638; d Rome, March 30, 1725). Italian librarian and bibliographer. He seems to have been a Jesuit. He was chief librarian at the Collegio Romano from 1676; he was also in charge of the archives of the Museum Kircherianum, Rome, of which he compiled the catalogue (Rome, ...

Article

Katharine Ellis

(b Paris, May 15, 1797; d Paris, March 22, 1850). French music historian and librarian. He studied at the Ecole Polytechnique, thereafter receiving a degree in law. However, being of independent means, he was able to devote himself to music. An amateur cellist, he received compositional and theoretical training in music from Desvignes, Cherubini and Reicha, as a result of which he composed several pieces (none of which was published), including two string quartets, a Passion, a ballet, several masses, and an opéra comique performed c1820 at the Hôtel Lambert. Fétis claimed the credit for turning Bottée towards ‘l’archéologie musicale’ in 1827; however, Choron and Perne were also influential.

In 1826 Bottée travelled to Italy, Germany and Austria, meeting Kiesewetter in Vienna; thereafter they maintained lifelong correspondence. In 1831 he began unsalaried work as librarian at the Paris Conservatoire, restoring order after Fétis’s departure; he remained in the post until ...

Article

Nancy Nuzzo

(b Huntingdon, PA, Aug 12, 1934; d Buffalo, NY, July 27, 2009). American music librarian, historian, and educator. She attended Lebanon Valley College (BS, Music, 1956), Western Reserve University (now Case-Western Reserve) (MS, Library Science, 1957), and the University of Florida (PhD 1978), and held positions at the Free Library of Philadelphia (1957–9), the United States Military Academy Library (1959–60), Vassar College (1960–67), and the State University of New York at Buffalo (1967–99) where, with James Coover, she established that institution’s Music Library and its program in music librarianship.

Bradley’s legacy falls into three areas: music cataloging and indexing; the history of music librarianship in America; and education for music librarianship. She was the leading authority on the Dickinson Classification for music, publishing a manual for its use in 1968. The Index to Poetry in Music is an example of her rigorous application of technical services skills to a public services problem. For her research into the history of American music librarianship, Bradley conducted hundreds of oral history interviews with pioneers in the field, producing two essential monographs and a series of vital articles that appeared in ...

Article

Jiří Sehnal

(b Jarošov, nr Uherské Hradiště, Moravia, Feb 12, 1874; d Kroměříž, Aug 8, 1937). Czech historian and archivist. After studying at the theological faculty in Olomouc (1892–6), he was ordained priest in 1896; for two years he was a student prefect in the archiepiscopal seminary in Kroměříž. He began studying history in 1898 at the University of Innsbruck and took his doctorate there in 1903. On his return he taught history at the archiepiscopal Gymnasium in Kroměříž until 1924. He became librarian in the archbishop’s palace in Kroměříž in 1915 and archivist in 1921; he performed both functions with great zeal and devotion until his death.

From 1927 Breitenbacher began to build up the music archive in Kroměříž Castle, gradually acquiring the music collections of the Olomouc bishops between 1664 and 1831 and the musical archives of the churches of the Panna Marie and St Mořic at Kroměříž and the Piarist college there. The leading Czech music historians of the time, Helfert, Trolda and Vetterl, assisted him in classifying and cataloguing the music. The archives established by Breitenbacher have become a basic source for music of the Viennese cultural circle from ...

Article

Christiane Spieth-Weissenbacher

revised by Jean Gribenski

(b Angoulême, Feb 2, 1907; d Paris, May 2, 1990). French librarian and musicologist. She studied arts subjects at the Sorbonne (1926–32) where she was a student of Pirro and took a degree in 1930. Then she studied singing at the Conservatoire (1932–6) in Claire Croiza's class. She obtained the Diplôme de l'Institut d'Art et d'Archéologie in 1944, the Diplôme d’Etudes Supérieures (1946, prepared at the University of Strasbourg under the direction of Rokseth), and a diploma in Serbo-Croat, after studying at the Ecole des Langues Orientales (1947–9). She became a keeper in the music department of the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, in 1945. As a musicologist she was interested in Italy and France during the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, and published many valuable articles in specialist journals as well as in the major music dictionaries and encyclopedias. From 1969 to 1971...

Article

Carolyn Gianturco

revised by Teresa M. Gialdroni

(b Piacenza, Sept 14, 1926). Italian musicologist and librarian. He took the classics degree at the Catholic University, Milan (1948), a diploma in piano at the Piacenza Conservatory (1949), a diploma at the Scuola di Paleografia Musicale, University of Parma (1953), and a diploma in choral music at the Parma Conservatory (1954). He studied the piano with Gino Tagliapietra and Enzo Calace, and composition with Giulio Cesare Paribeni. He then taught music history at Parma Conservatory (1954–9) before becoming professor of music history and librarian at the Piacenza Conservatory (vice-director from 1975) as well as music critic for the Piacenza daily newspaper Libertà. His main area of research has been the music of Piacenza, especially its early sacred music; in 1987 he founded the collected edition Monumenti Musicali Piacentini e Farnesiani. He has also studied the instrumental and vocal music of Brahms and the sacred music of Francesco Cavalli, and has translated into Italian and added pertinent information to volumes ii, iv and v of the ...

Article

Richard Griscom

(b Lorain, OH, Mar 22, 1954). American music librarian, theorist, and editor. She received her undergraduate degree in music theory from Ohio University (BM 1976). While completing studies in music theory at Northwestern University (PhD 1985), she joined the staff of the Northwestern University Music Library (1980–98). Campana was also active in the promotion of contemporary music in Chicago through performances with the ensemble Kapture (1977–86) and by editing the monthly newsletter of New Music Chicago (1982–4). Her study of library science at the University of Chicago (MA 1987) led to her appointment as music public services librarian at Northwestern (1987–98). While at Northwestern, she also held appointments as lecturer (1993–8) and assistant dean for undergraduate studies (1993–4) in the School of Music and acting head of the Music Library (1994–6). In ...

Article

Jane Gottlieb

(b Buffalo, NY, 29 March, 1954). American music librarian and musicologist. He studied music and library science at the State University of New York at Buffalo (BA 1978, MLS 1980) and musicology at Cornell University (MA 1993). Prior to becoming Head of the Theodore M. Finney Music Library at the University of Pittsburgh, Cassaro worked at the University of Buffalo (1980), North Texas State University (1980–83), and Cornell University (1983–99). Cassaro has published widely in the areas of music librarianship, opera, and American music. Since 2004 he has served as editor of Notes, the journal of the Music Library Association (MLA). A past president of MLA (2001–3) and vice-president of The International Association of Music Libraries, Archives, and Documentation Centres (2004–9), he also has held several other key positions in both organizations and worked extensively on their behalf throughout his career....

Article

Paula Morgan

(b Jacksonville, IL, June 3, 1925). American music librarian and bibliographer. He attended Northern Colorado University, where he studied theory and composition, taking the BA in 1949 and MA in 1950. In 1953 he graduated from the library school of the University of Denver with the MALS. From 1950 to 1953 he was bibliographer and assistant director of the Bibliographical Center for Research in Denver. He was head of the George Sherman Dickinson Music Library of Vassar College from 1953 until 1967, when he became professor of music (holding the Birge-Cary chair, 1973–6, and the Albert Jr. and Henrietta Ziegele chair from 1982) and director of the music library at SUNY. He was made an adjunct professor in the School of Information and Library Science at Buffalo, NY, in 1980.

Coover has compiled several useful bibliographies, particularly A Bibliography of Music Dictionaries (1952), an extensive catalogue with a historical introduction, and ...

Article

James P. Cassaro

[Frances]

(b Detroit, MI, Jan 30, 1939; d Ithaca, NY, March 8, 2005). American musicologist and music librarian. She attended the University of Chicago (BA 1961, MLS 1965), and studied at King’s College, University of London on a Fulbright-Hays research fellowship (1965–7). Under the initial direction of Thurston Dart and later Howard Mayer Brown, she wrote a dissertation on music in British auction catalogs and received her PhD in musicology from King’s College in 1974. She continued her research in this area throughout her career, culminating in several important studies, chief among them British Book Sale Catalogues, 1676–1800: a Union List (with A.N.L. Munby, 1977).

From 1967 to 1972 she was the fine arts librarian at the University of California, Irvine. In 1972, she began her tenure as the first full-time librarian of the Mills Music Library at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, a position she held until ...

Article

(b Milwaukee, WI, April 3, 1949). American music librarian and ethnomusicologist. She studied music at Lawrence University (BM 1971) and ethnomusicology at the University of Illinois, (MMus 1979, PhD 1991). She has held several positions at Harvard University: keeper of the Isham Memorial Library (1993–9), curator of the Archive of World Music (1994–), Richard F. French Librarian of the Eda Kuhn Loeb Music Library (1999–), and visiting lecturer in the music department.

Danielson has made significant contributions in the area of audio preservation. She oversaw the creation and development of the Audio Preservation Services program at Harvard and was the codirector, with Daniel Reed, of Sound Directions, a joint Harvard and Indiana University project that produced a groundbreaking 2008 report on best practices in digital audio preservation (http://www.dlib.indiana.edu/projects/sounddirections/). As a recognized authority, she has consulted for numerous institutions and agencies looking to preserve and create access to multimedia materials. Her scholarship focuses on music of the Middle East; she has published numerous articles on Arabic song, female singers, and Muslim devotional music, and has coedited, with Scott Marcus and Dwight Reynolds, the Middle East volume of the ...

Article

Lyudmila Kovnatskaya

(b Mishelevka, Irkutsk region, Dec 12, 1921). Russian musicologist and archivist. She enrolled in the Oriental department of the Faculty of Philology at the University of Leningrad specializing in the ethnology of Central Asia, but her studies there were interrupted by World War II, during which time she saw active service in military hospitals. Graduating in 1948, she then studied ethnology and folk music with Gippius at the Miklukho-Maklaya Institute of Ethnology (1949–53), and was an occasional student at the Conservatory, where she studied with Druskin, Rubtsov, Ginzburg and Sergey Bogoyavlensky. She was a research assistant in the art history department of the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnology at the Tajik SSR Academy of Sciences in Dushanbe (1953–8), and took part in expeditions to record the folk music of the mountain regions of the Tajik SSR. Returning to Leningrad in 1958, she was an assistant at the Institute for the History of the Arts (now the Zubov Institute for the History of the Arts) from ...

Article

John Bergsagel

(b Örebro, March 4, 1913). Swedish musicologist, bibliographer and librarian. After working as an organist in Örebro (1931–9) he studied musicology with Moberg, art history and the history of science at Uppsala University (1939–43), and held appointments as assistant librarian (1946) and head of the music department (1957) at Uppsala University Library. He took the doctorate at Uppsala in 1957 with a dissertation on music printing in Sweden before 1750 and was a lecturer in musicology from 1957 to 1962 while continuing his work as librarian; subsequently he was appointed senior lecturer in library science (1963) and keeper of manuscripts (including music) at the university library (1965–78). Davidsson has published several extremely useful bibliographical works, especially the long-awaited completion of Mitjana’s splendid catalogue (begun 40 years before) of the rich collection of music printed before 1700...