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Alexiadis, Minas  

George Vlastos

(b Athens, Feb 17, 1960). Greek composer, musicologist, and keyboard player. Born into an artistic family, he took up jazz and free improvised music. During the period 1977–84 he took his first lessons in composition with Yannis Ioannidis while he also studied law at the University of Athens. Thereafter he continued his studies in composition at the Robert Schumann Musikhochschule (now Robert Schumann University, Düsseldorf) with Guenther Becker until 1986. Having a background both in jazz and electronic music, he showed an interest in the echo effect. Thus, in his early works (dating from the mid-1980s) he developed a heterophonic technique, which he called the ‘technique of linear heterophonic modulations’. In his music he makes extensive use of ancient Greek tetrachords, melodic ramifications, and modal structures deriving from the Greek and other non-Western traditions. Until 1994 his writing was abstract and rhythmically complex, while his later works are more conventionally structured and use consonant sonorities. His output includes operas, vocal music, works for orchestra, works for solo instruments, chamber music, incidental music, electronic music, ballet music, and music for films. Among his major works are the opera ...


Amigo, Cristian  

Robert Paul Kolt

(b Santiago, Chile, Jan 2, 1963). American composer, guitarist, ethnomusicologist, educator, and producer of Chilean birth. He immigrated to the United States as a child and studied guitar with Joseph Torello, Vincent Bredice, Lou Mowad, and George Aguiar. Amigo enrolled at Florida State University (1980) where he studied classical guitar with Bruce Holzman and William Carter and was active as a performer of popular music. In 1986, he moved to Los Angeles, earning a degree in political science from California State University, Northridge (BA 1995) and degrees in ethnomusicology (MA 1988, PhD 2003) from the University of Calfornia, Los Angeles. He studied in Los Angeles with Kenny Burrell, Gary Pratt, Harihar Rao, and wadada leo Smith. Amigo also performed with African, Arabic, funk, hard rock, free jazz, jazz, and reggae groups, and worked as a session guitarist for Hans Zimmer, Mark Mancina, Jay Rifkin, and Les Hooper, among others....


Beckwith, John  

John Mayo

(b Victoria, BC, March 9, 1927; d Toronto, Dec 5, 2022). Canadian composer, writer, and pianist. He studied the piano with Alberto Guerrero at the Toronto Conservatory (1945–50), took the MusB at the University of Toronto (1947) and continued his studies with Boulanger in Paris (1950–52). He joined the University of Toronto music department in 1952, broadcast regularly on CBC radio (1956–65), and was music critic for the Toronto Star (1959–62, 1963–5). In 1961 he received the MMus from the University of Toronto, where he later served as the dean of music (1970–77), Jean A. Chalmers Professor in Canadian Music, and director of the Institute for Canadian Music (1984–90). A founding member of the Canadian League of Composers (1951), he served on the boards and committees of innumerable artistic organizations. He was a co-founder of the Canadian Musical Heritage Society, for which he edited two volumes, and produced transcriptions, arrangements, and reconstructions of much early Canadian music. His honours include the Annual Medal (...


Berger, Jean  

Ned Quist

revised by Linda L. Giedl

[Schlossberg, Artur ]

(b Hamm, Germany, Sept 27, 1909; d Aurora, CO, May 28, 2002). Composer, musicologist, conductor, and pianist of German birth; naturalized American. Born Artur Schlossberg, he grew up in an orthodox Jewish family. After the Schlossbergs moved to Mannheim in 1919, he was introduced to German organ and choral literature by Arno Landmann, first Kantor (1911–43) of Christuskirche, and received piano instruction from Landmann’s wife. With Mannheim’s proximity to Strasbourg and Alsace-Lorraine, Schlossberg became fluent in French. Shortly after entering the University of Heidelberg in 1928, he applied for musicological studies with medievalist Heinrich Besseler. At the end of three years of intensive work, he submitted his doctoral dissertation (Die italienische Sonate für mehrere Instrumente im 17ten Jahrhundert, diss., U. of Heidelberg, 1932). Later that year he was engaged as a coach and conducting assistant to Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt at the Darmstadt Opera.

Beaten with guns by Adolf Hitler’s Stormtroopers in early ...


Bierley, Paul Edmund  

George C. Foreman

(b Portsmouth, OH, Feb 3, 1926; d Columbus, OH, April 9, 2016). American band researcher, author, and tubist. He graduated from Ohio State University with a bachelor of engineering degree in 1953 and had a 35-year career as an aeronautical engineer, working primarily for Rockwell International in Columbus, Ohio. During this time he was also active as a professional tubist in the Columbus Symphony Orchestra (1964–81), the Detroit Concert Band (1973–93), and the Brass Band of Columbus (1984–95). He was recognized as the foremost historian on the music, life, and band of John Philip Sousa. His more than 40 years of meticulous research on Sousa led to three definitive publications, John Philip Sousa: a Catalogue of his Works (Urbana, IL, 1973); a biography, John Philip Sousa: American Phenomenon (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1973); and The Incredible Band of John Philip Sousa...


Bogianckino, Massimo  

Carolyn Gianturco

revised by Biancamaria Brumana

(b Rome, Nov 10, 1922; d Florence, Dec 8, 2009). Italian administrator, pianist and musicologist. He was a piano pupil of Casella at the Accademia di S Cecilia, Rome, and of Cortot at the Ecole Normale de Musique, Paris; he also studied composition with Virgilio Mortari and musicology with Luigi Ronga at the University of Rome and P.M. Masson at the Sorbonne. After performing widely in Europe and the USA, he devoted himself to teaching and musicology, holding posts at the Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh (1948–51), the Pesaro Conservatory (1951–7), the Rome Conservatory (1957–67), and Perugia University (1967–93). In 1978 he founded the periodical Esercizi: arte musica spettacolo. His book L’arte clavicembalistica di Domenico Scarlatti, prompted by his own playing, was one of the first to approach the subject in the context of both historical background and stylistic criticism. In addition to serving as director of ...


Brauchli, Bernard  

Howard Schott

( b Lausanne, May 5, 1944). Swiss clavichord player and musicologist . After piano studies in Lausanne (1963–7) and Vienna (1968–9), he became increasingly attracted to the clavichord and its repertory. He made his European début at Fribourg, Switzerland, in 1972 and his American début at Marlboro College, Vermont, in 1973. He studied musicology at the New England Conservatory with Julia Sutton (MMus 1976) and began research in early Iberian clavichord music with Macario Santiago Kastner in Lisbon in 1977. He regularly tours Europe and North America, performing and recording a wide repertory of Renaissance and Baroque clavichord music, with an emphasis on Iberian composers. He has won high praise as a sensitive and tasteful performer. In contrast to most other modern clavichord players, he restricts himself to the fretted form of the instrument. Brauchli has given summer courses in many European countries, has lectured at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and was appointed professor of clavichord at the New England Conservatory in ...


Brown, Anthony (L.)  

E. Ron Horton


(b San Francisco, CA, March 17, 1953). American percussionist, composer, and scholar. He is a California-based artist and educator whose world travels and ethnic heritage have had a major influence on his musical career. His mother was a native of Tokyo, Japan, and his father was of African American and Choctaw decent. He grew up in a military family, moving between California, Germany, and Japan during his formative years. His career in music began in earnest after he returned to San Francisco in 1980. In 1985 he moved to New York and further developed his career while studying jazz performance at Rutgers University. He subsequently earned a PhD from the University of California, Berkeley, studying ethnomusicology, a field that allowed him to focus on the musical styles that reflected his cultural heritage. He then began an extensive relationship with the Smithsonian Institute working as the curator of American musical culture, director of the Jazz Oral History program, and a performer in the Smithsonian Jazz Trio. In ...


Bruce, (Frank) Neely  

Keith Moore

(b Memphis, Jan 21, 1944). American composer, pianist, conductor and musicologist. He studied the piano with Roy McAllister at the University of Alabama (BM 1965), with Sophia Rosoff, and with Soulima Stravinsky at the University of Illinois (MM 1966), where he also studied composition with Ben Johnson (DMA, 1971) and had contact with Hamm, Hiller, Kessler and Brün. He served on the music faculty at Illinois (1968–74) before joining the staff at Wesleyan University. He was a member of the editorial committee of New World Records (1974–8), founding chairman of New England Sacred Harp Singing (1976) and has held visiting professorships at Middlebury College, Bucknell University and the University of Michigan. In 1980 he was Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for Studies in American Music at Brooklyn College.

In 1968 Bruce founded the American Music Group (AMG), an ensemble innovative in its dedication to American music of all eras. AMG recorded the music of Anthony Philip Heinrich for Vanguard, toured widely in the United States and, under Bruce’s direction, gave the 20th-century première of Bristow’s ...


Bužarovski, Dimitrije  

Trena Jordanoska

(b Skopje, Aug 8, 1952). Macedonian composer, pianist and scholar. He studied piano and composition at Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Faculty of Music, in Skopje before attending the Faculty of Music of Belgrade (MA in composition, 1976); he defended his doctoral dissertation on the aesthetics of music at UKIM Faculty of Philosophy in 1984. He has twice been a Fulbright Scholar in the USA (1985–6 and 1999–2000).

His catalogue includes symphonies, concertos, oratorios, operas, ballets, song cycles, and sonatas for different instruments. He defines his compositional approach as polystylistic: using mainly multi-movement orchestral forms in the manner of the European music tradition from the 17th century to the 20th and incorporating elements of folk, jazz, and rock. He is among Balkan pioneers in the use of electronic music instruments – live synthesizer performances (in the ballet Vozovi [Trains], 1984); music notation software (Third Piano Sonata, ...


Cooper, Kenneth  

James Wierzbicki

( b New York, May 31, 1941). American harpsichordist, pianist and musicologist . He studied the harpsichord at the Mannes College with Sylvia Marlowe (1960–63) and musicology at Columbia University with Paul Henry Lang, Joel Newman, Douglas Moore and Otto Luening. He made his international début in London in 1965 and his American début in the Alice Tully Hall, New York, in 1973, with a programme that included the world première of Drive, written for him by George Flynn. He has appeared frequently in festivals in the USA and Europe, and has performed as soloist with the American Opera Society, the Little Orchestra Society and the Clarion Concerts Orchestra; as a representative of the US State Department he has toured Russia, Romania, Greece and England. He has also performed chamber music, with the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, the Fine Arts Quartet and such artists as Henry Schuman, Paula Robison and Gerard Schwarz, and has made over a dozen recordings of 18th-century music. Highly regarded for the textual accuracy and musical vitality of his performances of the Baroque and Classical keyboard repertory, he also plays ragtime and contemporary music....


Curtis, Alan  

Philip Brett


(b Mason, MI, Nov 17, 1934; d Florence, July 15, 2015). American musicologist, harpsichordist, and conductor. He took the BMus at Michigan State University in 1955, and the MMus at the University of Illinois the following year. From 1957 to 1959 he studied in Amsterdam under Gustav Leonhardt, returning to the University of Illinois for the PhD degree, which he gained in 1963 with a dissertation on Sweelinck’s keyboard works. In 1960 he joined the University of California at Berkeley as an instructor; he became an assistant professor in 1962, associate professor in 1966, and professor in 1970. His scholarly work concentrated on keyboard music and opera and included several editions (including one of Monteverdi’s L’incoronazione di Poppea) and a book on Sweelinck. In addition to his work as a scholar, he built up a considerable reputation as a harpsichordist and conductor in the USA and Europe, specializing in the authentic interpretation of the music of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. He made his La Scala début conducting ...


Dapogny, James  

Daniel Zager

revised by Barry Kernfeld


(b Berwyn, IL, Sept 3, 1940; d Ann Arbor, MI, March 6, 2019). American editor, writer, teacher, leader, and pianist. He studied composition at the University of Illinois (BMus 1962, MMus 1963, DMA 1971) and from 1966 taught at the University of Michigan. In his work as an editor and writer he devoted particular attention to the music of Jelly Roll Morton; his book Ferdinand “Jelly Roll” Morton: the Collected Piano Music (1982) offers a comprehensive edition of transcriptions of a jazz musician’s work and includes biographical material and analysis. He also wrote entries on major jazz musicians for The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (London, 1980). As a pianist Dapogny performed widely in concert and on radio and television, and he recorded as the leader of the Chicago Jazz Band, in a duo with Butch Thompson, and with the State Street Aces, the Mysterious Babies, and Sippie Wallace. His Chicago Jazz Band, founded in ...


Dickinson, Peter  

Hugo Cole

revised by Malcolm Miller

(b Lytham St Annes, Nov 15, 1934). English composer, pianist, and musicologist. As an organ scholar at Queens’ College, Cambridge, he was a pupil of Philip Radcliffe. He also received advice and encouragement from Lennox Berkeley. In 1958 he was given a Rotary Foundation Fellowship to the Juilliard School, where he studied with Bernard Wagenaar. While in the USA he encountered and was influenced by Cage, Cowell, and Varèse, and worked as a pianist with the New York City Ballet and as a critic and lecturer. In 1962 at the College of St Mark and St John, Chelsea, he initiated classes in improvisation and experimental music. Following a lectureship at Birmingham (1966–70), he became in 1974 the first professor of music at Keele University, where he founded what was for some years one of the most important centres for the study of American music outside the USA. From ...


Dudgeon, Ralph T.  

Michael Ellzey

(b East McKeesport, PA, Nov 8, 1948). American trumpeter and pedagogue. He attended San Diego State University (BA 1970, music education; MA, trumpet performance) and the University of California, San Diego (PhD 1980, music). He taught music at the State University of New York at Cortland from 1985 to 2012, and has served as instructor of trumpet at Colgate University in Hamilton, New York. He has also been a research consultant for the instrument museum in Schloss Kremsegg in Kremsmünster, Austria.

Considered one of the leading scholars and performers on the keyed bugle, he wrote the definitive volume on the instrument, The Keyed Bugle (Metuchen, NJ, 1993, 2/2004). His debut solo album, Music for Keyed Bugle, is the first full-length recording devoted to the keyed bugle. His Das Flügelhorn (Bergkirchen, Germany, 2004) was published in both English and German editions. His many other scholarly publications include contributions to the ...


Duprat, Régis  

Gerard Béhague


(b Rio de Janeiro, July 11, 1930; d São Paulo, Dec 19, 2021). Brazilian musicologist and viola player. He studied the violin and viola with Johannes Oelsner (1944–54) and music theory and composition with Olivier Toni (1948–52) and Cláudio Santoro (1954–59); he then went to the University of São Paulo, where he took the BA and licenciate in history (1958–61). In Paris, as a fellow of the French government, he attended research seminars at the Institut de Musicologie (1962–3); having returned to Brazil he took the doctorate at the University of Brasilia in 1966 with a dissertation on the music of the São Paulo Cathedral during the colonial period. Concurrently he was active as a violist, being a member of the Radio Nacional SO (São Paulo, 1954–9) and the São Paulo Municipal SO (1956–64). With a fellowship from the Gulbenkian Foundation (...


Eliason, Robert E(rwin)  

Sarah Adams Hoover

(b Flint, MI, March 28, 1933). American organologist, curator, and tuba player. He studied tuba with Roy Benson and William Graves at Graceland University (1951–53), performed under william donald Revelli at the University of Michigan (BM 1955), and worked with William Bell at Manhattan School of Music (MM 1959). He also studied musicology with Paul Revitt at the University of Missouri, Kansas City (DMA 1969), where his dissertation focused on the D.S. Pillsbury collection of American-made brass instruments in Dearborn, Michigan. From 1961 to 1969 he was principal tuba player with the Kansas City Philharmonic and has since performed regularly on tuba as well as historical instruments including the serpent, the ophicleide, the saxhorn, and musical glasses. He served as curator of musical instruments at the Henry Ford Museum and Greenfield Village in Dearborn (1971–85), producing pioneering research and curating exhibitions of early 19th-century American woodwind and brass instruments, instrument makers, and performers. From ...


Fahey, John  

John Cline

(Aloysius )

(b Takoma Park, MD, Feb 28, 1939; d Salem, OR, Feb 22, 2001). American guitarist, folklorist, and record producer. As a teenager, Fahey’s early interest in country music was expanded to include bluegrass and country-blues due to a friendship with richard Spottswood , later a noted folk and ethnic music scholar. With Spottswood and famed collector Joe Bussard, Fahey sought out pre-war 78 r.p.m. records. After taking up the guitar, Fahey’s made his first recordings for Bussard’s private Fonotone label on 78 r.p.m. shellac discs, some of which Fahey claimed to have slipped into boxes of more “authentic,” vintage records at flea markets. In 1959 Fahey founded Takoma Records to distribute his own recordings, beginning with the LP Blind Joe Death; his liner notes also frequently mock the language of then-contemporary blues scholars, the very people he had hoped to fool with the Fonotone 78s.

Despite his sense of humor Fahey was a serious student of American vernacular music. He travelled long distances to find Bukka White and Skip James in the Mississippi Delta in the early 1960s; he relates these events in the memoir, ...


Hajdu, André  

Eliyahu Schleifer

(b Budapest, March 5, 1932). Israeli composer, pianist and ethnomusicologist. As a young boy, he survived the Nazi invasion and miraculously escaped deportation. In 1949 he entered the composition department of the Franz Liszt Academy of Music in Budapest, where he studied the piano with György Kósa and Erno Szégedi, composition with Endre Szervánszky and Ferenc Szabó, and ethnomusicology with Zoltán Kodály. As a Kodály disciple, he spent two years among the Hungarian gypsies, collecting songs and stories. This resulted in his Gypsy Cantata on poems of Miklos Randoti, which won first prize at the Warsaw International Youth Festival (1955).

Following the failure of the Hungarian uprising, Hajdu escaped to France, where he studied with Milhaud and Messiaen at the Paris Conservatoire. At the same time he wrote music for films and conducted youth choirs. From 1959 to 1961 he taught the piano and composition at the Tunis Conservatory and was active in ethnomusicological research there. This period is represented in his ...


Haynes, Bruce  

Janet K. Page

(b Louisville, KY, April 14, 1942; d Montréal, May 17, 2011). American and Canadian oboist, recorder player and musicologist . He studied the oboe with Raymond Dusté (1958–61) and John de Lancie (1960), and joined the San Francisco Ballet and Opera orchestras in 1960. From 1964 to 1967 he studied early music performance in the Netherlands, where his teachers included Frans Brüggen (recorder) and Gustav Leonhardt (ensemble performance and interpretation). In 1966 he began to play the early oboe. He was one of the first 20th-century performers to master the instrument and a key figure in setting professional performance standards for it. From 1972 to 1983 he taught the recorder and the early oboe at the Royal Conservatory in The Hague. During this period he pursued an active performing career and made a number of recordings. In 1979 he was a founding member of the Philharmonia Baroque Orchestra, and during the 1980s he performed with many period instrument ensembles. In ...