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Bagge [Bach], Baron de  

Roger J.V. Cotte

[Ennal, Charles-Ernest]

(b Fockenhof, Kurland, Feb 14, 1722; d Paris, March 24, 1791). French dilettante, amateur violinist and composer, patron of the arts and instrument collector. A magnificent and very wealthy nobleman, he both amused and astounded his contemporaries. M. Audinot in his comic opera La musicomanie (1779), and possibly E.T.A. Hoffmann in his tale Die Serapionsbrüder (1819), attempted to evoke his strange personality, emphasizing its ridiculous nature.

At the death of his father, a landed nobleman, in 1747, Bagge inherited a large fortune which enabled him to study the violin in Italy with Tartini. By 1750 he had settled in Paris; in the following year he was awarded the title chambellan du Roi de Prusse (then Frederick II) and married the daughter of the Swiss banker Jacob Maudry. With Maudry's death in 1762 the very large inheritance proved a source of contention to the ill-matched couple and they soon separated. Bagge later attempted to gain possession of the inheritance of Mme Maudry, who had died in ...


Heyer, (Friedrich) Wilhelm  

Otto E. Albrecht

revised by Robert von Zahn


(b Cologne, March 30, 1849; d Cologne, March 20, 1913). German music patron. The son of a teacher, he entered the paper business and in 1885 founded the paper manufacturing firm of Poensgen & Heyer. As an enthusiastic amateur he played a prominent part in Cologne musical life, serving on the boards of the conservatory and the Musikalische Gesellschaft and assisting young musicians at the start of their careers. He began to collect musical instruments in about 1900. In 1905 he purchased the private collection of the Leipzig collector Paul de Wit; he also received keyboard instruments from the firm of Ibach in Barmen, and acquired the Florentine collection of Alessandro Kraus. In 1906 Heyer established a Musikhistorisches Museum in Cologne, which eventually contained 2600 instruments, with a workshop for their restoration; its library contained 1700 autographs of some 700 composers, more than 20,000 letters and 3700 portraits. Ernst Praetorius was curator of the museum from ...