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Benton, Thomas Hart  

Annett Richter

(b Neosho, MO, 15 April 1889; d Kansas City, MO, 19 Jan 1975). American painter, muralist, illustrator, folklorist, harmonica player. Widely known as a Regionalist painter, Benton repeatedly captures in his art American musicians and scenes of music-making, both urban and rural. As a folklorist, he observed during his sketching trips rural vocal and instrumental traditions of black and white musicians, describing them vividly through word and image in his autobiography, An Artist in America (1937; rev. 4/1983).

Benton created portraits of musicians and composers he knew, among others Missouri Musicians (1931), The Sun Treader (Portrait of Carl Ruggles) (1934), Edgard Varèse (c. 1934), The Music Lesson (1943) [Gale Huntington (1902–93)], Portrait of David Mannes (1949), and The Hymn Singer (The Minstrel) (1950) [Burl Ives]. His Portrait of a Musician (...


Seeger, Charles  

Ann M. Pescatello


Member of Seeger family

(b Mexico City, Dec 14, 1886; d Bridgewater, CT, Feb 7, 1979). American musicologist, composer, conductor, critic and musical philosopher. His initial interest was in composition and conducting, and he joined numerous young American composers in Europe in the years immediately following his graduation from Harvard (1908). He spent a season (1910–11) as a conductor at the Cologne Opera before returning to the USA as a composer and chairman of the department of music at the University of California, Berkeley (1912–19), where he gave the first American courses in musicology in 1916. Several of his compositions were destroyed in the Berkeley fire (1923). Subsequently he was a lecturer and instructor at the Institute of Musical Art, New York (1921–33), the forerunner of the Juilliard School, and lecturer at the New School for Social Research (...


Tagliavini, Luigi Ferdinando  

Etienne Darbellay

revised by Teresa Gialdroni

(b Bologna, Oct 7, 1929; d Bologna, July 11, 2017). Italian organist, harpsichordist, and musicologist. He studied at the conservatories of Bologna and Paris (1947–52) under Ireneo Fuser and Marcel Dupré (organ), Napoleone Fanti (piano), and Riccardo Nielsen (composition). He took the doctorate at the University of Padua in 1951 with a dissertation on the texts of Bach cantatas. He taught the organ at the Bologna Conservatory from 1952 to 1954 and had charge of the conservatory library from 1953 to 1960. In 1954 he became organ professor at the Bolzano Conservatory and taught there until 1964, when he was appointed organ professor at the Parma Conservatory. From 1959 to 1984 he taught regularly at the summer organ courses at the Haarlem Organ Academy. In 1991 he was awarded the Italian music critics’ ‘Massimo Mila’ prize. He became a member of the Accademia Nazionale di S Cecilia in ...