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Article

Giurchescu, Anca  

Speranța Rădulescu

(b Romania, 1930; d Copenhagen, 4 April 2015). Romanian-Danish ethnochoreologist. She worked as a researcher at the Institute of Ethnography and Folklore in Bucharest from 1953 to 1979. She contributed to the foundation and development of scientific research on traditional dance in Romania, where she conducted extensive fieldwork, filming dances and rituals in over 200 villages. Her main interests concerned the contextual study of dance, the analysis of dance structure, the processes of dance improvisation, and dance as an identity marker for the Roma minority group. She also investigated the way traditional symbols were manipulated in Romania for national and political power legitimation.

After 1980 she lived in Denmark, where she conducted research on topics such as continuity and change in the traditional culture of the Vlachs (a Romanian speaking ethnic minority of Serbia) living in Denmark, the Romanian healing ritual căluş, and on the theory and methods of field research in contemporary society. She was the Honorary Chairperson of the ICTM Study Group on Ethnochoreology and the leader of the Sub-Study Group on Fieldwork Theory and Methods, a Board member of Danish National Committee for ICTM, and Doctor Honoris Causa of Roehampton University, London. She had a great number of publications and a fruitful activity as a lecturer on an international level. In her last years, she worked with Margaret Beissinger and Speranța Rădulescu on the volume ...

Article

Manguebeat  

Herom Vargas

A musical and cultural movement that emerged and developed in Recife, the capital of the state of Pernambuco, in northeast Brazil, in the early 1990s. Produced by young musicians, the objective was to shift the city’s cultural scene, combining genres and sonorities of international pop music, such as funk, rock, and rap, with genres linked to local traditions, such as maracatu, ciranda, and caboclinhos. The posture of these young people was critical of public authorities, who did not give opportunities to new artists, and of the sameness of local radio and TV programming.

Their proposal was to develop the movement by energizing the music scenes in the city of Recife through a ‘do it yourself’ approach – as was the case with punk rock – with concerts, promotions, and contacts with journalists. In 1991, they released the manifesto Caranguejos com Cérebro (‘Crabs with Brain’), written by Fred 04, leader of the band Mundo Livre S/A. Three metaphors portray the movement’s proposal in this text, also published in the album ...