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Basart, Ann  

Mimi Tashiro

(Phillips) [Todd Mayfield, Ann; Todd, Ann E.]

(b Denver, CO, Aug 26, 1931). American music librarian, editor, and publisher. Daughter of composer Burrill Phillips and Alberta Phillips, and wife of composer Robert Basart, she was raised by her maternal grandparents who named her Ann Todd Mayfield. As Ann E. Todd, she was a child actress featured in more than twenty films such as Intermezzo, All This, and Heaven Too, and Three Daring Daughters. In 1953 she graduated from University of California, Los Angeles in Music History and continued her studies at the University of California, Berkeley earning an MLS in 1958 and MA in 1960. She had a distinguished career as reference librarian at the UC Berkeley Music Library from 1960–61 and 1970–90, during which time she founded and edited the library’s newsletter, Cum Notis Variorum, which gained a national audience. It contained news, reviews, and substantial articles, including bibliographies, checklists, and indexes on various topics and sources. Basart also wrote numerous reviews for ...


Campana, Deborah Ann  

Richard Griscom

(b Lorain, OH, Mar 22, 1954). American music librarian, theorist, and editor. She received her undergraduate degree in music theory from Ohio University (BM 1976). While completing studies in music theory at Northwestern University (PhD 1985), she joined the staff of the Northwestern University Music Library (1980–98). Campana was also active in the promotion of contemporary music in Chicago through performances with the ensemble Kapture (1977–86) and by editing the monthly newsletter of New Music Chicago (1982–4). Her study of library science at the University of Chicago (MA 1987) led to her appointment as music public services librarian at Northwestern (1987–98). While at Northwestern, she also held appointments as lecturer (1993–8) and assistant dean for undergraduate studies (1993–4) in the School of Music and acting head of the Music Library (1994–6). In ...


Dehn, Siegfried  

John Warrack

revised by James Deaville


(b Altona, Feb 24, 1799; d Berlin, April 12, 1858). German, editor, teacher and librarian. The son of a banker, he learnt the cello as a boy and then studied law in Leipzig with the intention of entering the diplomatic service; he also took music lessons with J.A. Dröbs. Moving to Berlin in 1823, he was attached to the Swedish Embassy; during his service there he developed his interest in musical research. On the failure of the family bank in 1830, he was left without means of support and decided to devote himself to music: he had been studying with Bernhard Klein, and soon made himself a widely respected theorist and teacher. On Meyerbeer’s recommendation he was in 1842 appointed custodian of the music section of the royal library, and immediately set about bringing it into order, cataloguing the collection and making copious additions to it from libraries all over Prussia. Among the collections he helped to bring into the library were those of Anton Schindler and Georg Pölchau; Dehn had long known the latter, which was notable for its manuscripts of Keiser and of J.S. and C.P.E. Bach. He was editor of ...


Espagne [d’Espagne], Franz  

Gudrun Becker-Weidmann

(b Münster, April 21, 1828; d Berlin, May 24, 1878). German music librarian and editor. After attending the Paulinum Gymnasium in Münster, he was enrolled at the faculty of philosophy at Münster University but in 1851 took up the study of music theory and notation under Siegfried Dehn in Berlin. For a few months in 1858 he was active as music director in Bielefeld. In the same year he was appointed assistant curator and five years later curator at the royal library in Berlin to succeed Dehn in the task of completing the music catalogue. At the same time, he accepted an appointment as regens chori at St Hedwig’s Cathedral, Berlin, apparently for financial reasons, as Dehn had done before him. Espagne applied his energies not only to cataloguing but also to expanding the library’s collection, and his travels included Vienna (1864) and Rome (1873–4...


Hall, David  

Paula Morgan

revised by Jim Farrington

(b New Rochelle, NY, Dec 16, 1916; d Castine, ME, April 10, 2012). American discographer, editor, and writer on music. A self-taught musician, he studied psychology at Yale University (BA 1939) and Columbia University (1939–40). He held a wide variety of positions, including classical music program annotator for NBC (1942–8); music director of the classical division of Mercury Records (1948–56), where he oversaw the “Living Presence” recordings; director of the American-Scandinavian Foundation’s music center (1950–57); music editor of Hi-Fi Review (1957–63) and contributor to its successor, Stereo Review, until it ceased publication in 1998; and president of CRI (1963–7). A Fulbright Teaching Fellowship in 1956 allowed him to teach advanced recording techniques at the University of Copenhagen. A champion of contemporary music, he published the first discography of Charles Ives in 1964. In 1967 he became head of the Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound at the New York Public Library. After his retirement in ...


Kretszchmar, Florence  

Deborah Campana

(b Detroit, MI, June 22, 1909; d Trenton, MI, Dec 25, 1992). American librarian and publisher. She received a degree in Library and Information Science from Simmons College (BS 1935). She was founder and editor-in-chief of Information Coordinators, Inc., best known as the publisher of The Music Index, the first comprehensive index to music periodicals. Under Kretzschmar’s guidance the company also published monographs in three series: Detroit Studies in Music Bibliography, Detroit Monographs in Musicology, and Bibliographies of American Music.

Kretzschmar spent most of her early career at the Detroit Public Library, working in various positions, including the War Information Center from 1943–5, that gave her experience in technology, business, and commerce. In recognizing the need for an index to music periodical literature, she obtained support from the Music Library Association in 1948, and by 1949, with the help of MLA members Dorothy Tilly and Kurtz Myers, she published the first issue of ...


Ochs, Michael  

Ruthann McTyre

(b Cologne, Germany, Feb 1, 1937; d July 21, 2022). American music librarian, musicologist, and editor of German birth. Ochs immigrated to the U.S. in September 1939. He graduated from City College of New York (BA 1958), then earned degrees at Columbia University (MS in library service, 1963), New York University (MA in musicology, 1964), where he studied under Gustave Reese, and Simmons College (DA in library administration, 1975). After serving as creative arts librarian at Brandeis University (1965–74), he taught library science at Simmons (1974–8), where he introduced the college’s first course in music librarianship. In 1978 he was appointed music librarian and lecturer on music at Harvard University, where he supervised the establishment of the U.S. RISM office and directed the computerization of the music library’s vast catalog. In 1988, Ochs became Richard F. French Librarian, the first endowed chair in music librarianship. He moved back to New York to become music editor at W.W. Norton publishers (...


Schwann, William  

Leonard Burkat

revised by Jim Farrington


(b Salem, IL, May 13, 1913; d Burlington, MA, June 7, 1998). American discographer and publisher. He attended the University of Louisville (BA 1935) and did graduate work at Boston University (1937) and Harvard University (1937–9); he studied organ privately with E. Power Biggs. He was a critic for the Boston Herald from 1937 to 1941. From 1939 to 1953 Schwann owned a record shop in Cambridge, and in 1949, a year after Columbia Records had successfully introduced the long-playing microgroove record, he began to compile a comprehensive catalog of these recordings to facilitate his retail operations. He issued the first installment of the Long Playing Record Catalog in October 1949 (R1979), which listed the 674 LPs then available on 11 labels. Schwann sold the publication in 1976, but continued as editor until 1985.

The periodical underwent several title changes and eventually scaled back to a quarterly publication, always striving to list all the LPs, compact discs, and tapes that were in general distribution, even though it could never be entirely comprehensive. It quickly earned a reputation for accuracy and became widely used. Schwann published a second catalog, ...


Sonneck, Oscar G(eorge) T(heodore)  

Jon Newsom

revised by H. Wiley Hitchcock

(b Lafayette [now part of Jersey City], NJ, Oct 6, 1873; d New York, Oct 30, 1928). American musicologist, librarian, editor and composer. As a boy he was sent to Germany to study; he was a piano pupil of James Kwast (1883–93) and later attended courses at the universities of Heidelberg and Munich, developing his interests in philosophy and, especially, musicology. He studied composition in Munich with Melchior Ernst Sachs, composition and orchestration with Iwan Knorr in Frankfurt, and conducting with Carl Schröder at the Sondershausen Conservatory.

In 1899 Sonneck returned to the USA and for three years travelled from New England to South Carolina, collecting references to American musical life before 1800, primarily from newspapers. He also did much work in the new Library of Congress building, and in 1902 the librarian Herbert Putnam made him head of the newly formed music division, where he organized and developed what was to become one of the most comprehensive collections of music, manuscripts and books on music in the world. He established its unrivalled archive of opera scores and librettos, and in ...