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Article

Allorto, Riccardo  

Carolyn Gianturco and Teresa M. Gialdroni

(b Mosso Santa Maria, nr Biella, Jan 31, 1921). Italian musicologist. He took diplomas in piano at the Parma Conservatory (1942) and in choral music at the Turin Conservatory (1948), and studied music history with Della Corte at Turin University, where he took an arts degree (1946). He subsequently taught music history in the conservatories of Bolzano (1950–51), Parma (1951–5) and Milan (1954–88); he has edited the journals Almanacco musicale italiano (1954–5), Ricordiana (1955–7) and Musica d’oggi (1958–63) and has been vice-director of Enciclopedia della musica Ricordi (1960–64). He has been a consulting editor for Ricordi since 1964. Music education is one of his major interests: he became director of the series Manuali di Didattica Musicale and Canti nel Mondo (Ricordi) in 1965, and editor of Educazione musicale...

Article

Cherubini, Luigi  

Michael Fend

(Carlo Zanobi Salvadore Maria)

(b Florence, Sept 8/14, 1760; d Paris, March 15, 1842). Italian, composer, conductor, teacher, administrator, theorist, and music publisher, active in France. He took French citizenship, probably in 1794, and was a dominant figure in Parisian musical life for half a century. He was a successful opera composer during the Revolutionary period, and had comparable success with religious music from the beginning of the Restoration. He was made director of the Paris Conservatoire and consolidated its pre-eminent position in music education in Europe.

In the biographical preface to his work catalogue, compiled in 1831, Cherubini gave 8 and 14 September as his dates of birth, but the records of the baptistery of S Giovanni state that he was born on 14 September (and baptized the following day). He was the tenth of 12 children. It has been claimed that his mother died when he was four years old (Pougin, ...

Article

Coferati, Matteo  

Argia Bertini

revised by Giulia Anna Romana Veneziano

(b Florence, July 8, 1638; d Florence, Jan 16, 1703). Italian composer, teacher, music editor, theorist, organist and singer. He spent his entire life as a priest in Florence. On 1 August 1663 he was appointed chaplain at the cathedral, S Maria del Fiore, where he was also active as an organist and singer. He was particularly admired as a teacher, and it was this above all that determined the nature of his publications; the numerous reprints particularly of Il cantore addottrinato and Scolare addottrinato bear witness to the popularity of his methods. In these two manuals he sought to establish rules for the effective composition and performance of church music, contributing, according to his contemporaries, to the codification of the ‘true rule of ecclesiastical singing’. However, he is better remembered for his Corona di sacre canzoni and Colletta di laude spirituali, which have great importance for the final phase in the history of the ...

Article

Dapogny, James  

Daniel Zager

revised by Barry Kernfeld

(Elliot)[Jim]

(b Berwyn, IL, Sept 3, 1940; d Ann Arbor, MI, March 6, 2019). American editor, writer, teacher, leader, and pianist. He studied composition at the University of Illinois (BMus 1962, MMus 1963, DMA 1971) and from 1966 taught at the University of Michigan. In his work as an editor and writer he devoted particular attention to the music of Jelly Roll Morton; his book Ferdinand “Jelly Roll” Morton: the Collected Piano Music (1982) offers a comprehensive edition of transcriptions of a jazz musician’s work and includes biographical material and analysis. He also wrote entries on major jazz musicians for The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (London, 1980). As a pianist Dapogny performed widely in concert and on radio and television, and he recorded as the leader of the Chicago Jazz Band, in a duo with Butch Thompson, and with the State Street Aces, the Mysterious Babies, and Sippie Wallace. His Chicago Jazz Band, founded in ...

Article

Farrenc, (Jacques Hippolyte) Aristide  

Bea Friedland

Member of Farrenc family

(b Marseilles, April 9, 1794; d Paris, Jan 31, 1865). French music publisher, flautist, bibliophile and scholar. Determined on a career in music despite his family’s tradition in commerce, he arrived in Paris in 1815; soon an appointment as second flautist at the Théâtre Italien propelled him directly into Parisian musical life. When the Conservatoire was reorganized in the following year, he undertook further studies on the flute and began to learn the oboe. By the early 1820s he had established himself as a teacher and begun to compose flute music, some of which – a book of sonatas and a concerto, among other works – he issued from his own newly formed publishing concern. In 1821 he married Louise Dumont (see §(2) below). He remained active as a publisher during the 1830s, specializing in editions of Hummel and Beethoven. His firm also brought out his wife’s first piano works....

Article

Lawrence, Vera Brodsky  

H. Wiley Hitchcock

revised by Katherine K. Preston

(b Norfolk, VA, July 1, 1909, d New York, Sept 18, 1996). American pianist, editor, and music historian. She studied piano (with Josef and Rosina Lhévinne) and theory at the Juilliard School (1928–30). She pursued a career as a concert pianist (1930–64), performed in a duo (with Harold Triggs, 1932–6) that championed young American composers, and served as a staff pianist for CBS radio (1939–46). She abruptly gave up performance upon her husband’s death (1964) and embarked on a second career as a scholar. Lawrence was administrator of publications for the Contemporary Music Project (1967–70) and compiled and edited a three-volume catalogue (1968; 2/1969) of the CMP Library (c 500 works). She also edited notable facsimile publications of the piano compositions of Louis Gottschalk and Scott Joplin, as well as the complete run of Arthur Farwell’s Wa-Wan Press. Her book on music and American politics during the 18th and 19th centuries (...

Article

Lloyd-Jones, David  

Arthur Jacobs

revised by Noël Goodwin

(Mathias)

(b London, Nov 19, 1934; d June 8, 2022). English conductor, editor, and translator. After reading Russian and German at Oxford University, he studied music privately with Iain Hamilton. As a Russian-language specialist, his first professional engagement was to coach Boris Godunov in Russian at Covent Garden in 1959. He assisted John Pritchard in preparing the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra’s ‘Musica Viva’ series in 1960, and became chorus master and assistant conductor of the New Opera Company the same year. In 1963 he began guest engagements with the BBC Welsh Orchestra and other orchestras. He conducted Scottish Opera in his own translation of Boris Godunov in 1967 and gave the first British performances of Fauré’s Pénélope (1970, RAM) and Haydn’s La fedeltà premiata (1971, Camden Festival). He was engaged by the Welsh National Opera and the Wexford Festival, and made his Covent Garden début with Boris Godunov...

Article

Vogt [Voctuis, Voctus, Voet, Voetus, Voicius, Voigt, Voit], Michael  

F.E. Kirby

(b ?Leipzig, Sept 29, 1526; d Torgau, March 10, 1606). German theorist, editor and Kantor . In 1544 he matriculated at Wittenberg University where he was a pupil and supporter of Coclico; he also held a post in the cathedral Kantorei there, serving under Johann Walter (i). In 1549 on the recommendation of Melanchthon he was appointed Kantor in Meissen, succeeding Johann Reusch. Later the same year he left to take up a similar post in Torgau as successor to Johann Walter (i); he retired from this post in 1604.

Vogt’s most important work is the Definitio, divisio musices, et eius subdivisio (Basle, 1557); it is thought to have been reprinted twice in 1575 under different titles: Stoicheoisis harmonica and Systemata seu scala harmonica. Printed on a large sheet and folded at the centre, this presents in schematic form a classification of the whole field of music, together with humanistic poems by Coler, Diaconus, Fabricius, Melanchthon and Siberus, diagrams representing the mathematical ratios of the musical intervals, two short two-part canons and pictorial representations of legendary figures important in music (e.g. Tubal, Pythagoras, Orpheus), each of which is accompanied by two lines of Latin verse (distichs)....