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Kratzer, Franciszek Ksawery  

Tadeusz Przybylski

Member of Kratzer family

(b Austria, 1731; d Kraków, Aug 3, 1818). Polish bass and choir trainer. After studying in Vienna he worked in Wieliczka. From 1763 he was a singer in Kraków, and was appointed cantor of Wawel Cathedral in Kraków on 20 February 1768. From 1781 to 1797...


Robinson, Joseph  

Robert J. Pascall

Member of Robinson family (ii)

(b Dublin, Aug 20, 1815; d Dublin, Aug 23, 1898). Irish baritone, conductor, and composer, brother of Francis James Robinson. He was a chorister at St Patrick’s at the age of eight. In 1834 he founded the Antient Concerts Society, which he conducted for 29 years. In 1837 he became conductor of the University Choral Society, founded by the students; at one of its concerts Mendelssohn’s music for Antigone was given for the first time outside Germany. He conducted this Society for ten years. He conducted music for the opening of the Cork Exhibition in 1852, and the Dublin International Exhibition in 1853. In 1856 efforts were made to revive the Irish Academy of Music, founded in 1848 but languishing for want of funds and pupils. Robinson and his wife Fanny Arthur joined as professors, and when, after 20 years, Robinson resigned, the institution had become stable and important. He also taught Stanford harmony. For the Handel centenary in ...


Spangler, Johann Michael  

Otto Biba

Member of Spangler family

(b c1721; d Vienna, June 4, 1794). Austrian tenor and regens chori. About 1749 he was a tenor and Choralist at the Michaelerkirche, Vienna. Ignace Pleyel reported that Spangler offered lodging to the young Haydn after his expulsion from the cathedral choir school. In ...


Stockhausen, Julius  

Robert J. Pascall


Member of Stockhausen family

(b Paris, July 22, 1826; d Frankfurt, Sept 22, 1906). German baritone, conductor, and teacher of Alsatian descent, son of Franz Stockhausen and Margarethe Stockhausen. He showed his musical gifts early and during his school years learnt singing and musical rudiments from his parents and the piano from Karl Kienzl, also having lessons on the organ, violin, and, later, the cello. In 1843 he visited Paris, where he was a pupil of Cramer for a short while. From 1844 he made Paris the centre of his musical education, spending some time at the Conservatoire (from 1845) but learning harmony from Matthäus Nagiller and singing from Manuel García outside the institution.

Stockhausen’s early concert successes were in Switzerland and England, beginning in 1848 with a performance of Elijah at Basle. In 1849 he followed García to London, and while in England he appeared before Queen Victoria. He sang again in Switzerland in the first half of ...


Teyber, Franz  

Peter Branscombe

Member of Teyber family

(b Vienna, bap. Aug 25, 1758; d Vienna, 21 or Oct 22, 1810). Austrian composer, organist, bass singer, and conductor, son of Matthäus Teyber. After receiving musical instruction from his father and Wagenseil he undertook extensive tours of Swabia, Switzerland and Baden, and then in or about 1786 he joined Schikaneder’s travelling troupe as conductor and composer, having been in Vienna again the previous season. Leopold Mozart, discussing the company’s Salzburg season of 1786, refers to Teyber as ‘my very good acquaintance from Vienna; a thorough, excellent musician, good composer, organist, and violoncellist’ (letter of 5 May 1786). In 1788–9 Teyber was in Karlsruhe, in 1791–3 in Cologne, and then in Regensburg and Augsburg. From 1796 until 1798 he was at Berne and then returned to Vienna. He was honoured with the task of writing the opera for the opening performance at the new Theater an der Wien on ...