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Aharonyan, Ruben  

Svetlana Sarkisyan

(b Riga, May 24, 1947). Armenian violinist and conductor. He began to study the violin in Riga and continued his studies at the Central Music School in Yerevan (1963–6), the Yerevan Conservatory (1966–8) and the Moscow Conservatory (1968–74), where his teachers were Y.I. Yankelevich and Leonid Kogan. From ...


Akiyoshi, Toshiko  

J. Bradford Robinson

(b Dairen, China, 12 Dec 1929). Japanese jazz composer, pianist, and bandleader.

She was born to Japanese parents in Manchuria. She began classical piano at seven and was playing professionally in her teens. She studied classical music and turned to jazz only in 1947 after moving to Japan. There she was discovered by Oscar Peterson, who urged her to take up a career in the United States. After studying at Berklee College of Music (1956–9) she became a highly regarded bop pianist, especially in groups with the alto saxophonist Charlie Mariano (to whom she was married from 1959 to 1967). She worked in Japan (1961), joined Charles Mingus in the United States (1962–3), then returned to Japan until 1965. In 1973 she founded a large rehearsal band in Los Angeles with the tenor saxophonist and flautist Lew Tabackin, whom she had married in ...


Arbuckle, Matthew  

Frank J. Cipolla

(b Lochside, Scotland, 1828; d New York, May 23, 1883). American bandmaster and cornetist of Scottish origin. He joined the 26th Regiment of the British Army, known as the Cameronians, at 13; he served in India and China, returned to Britain, then went to Canada with a military band. He reportedly deserted his regiment to assume the leadership of a band in Troy, New York, where he remained for six months before accepting a similar position in Worcester, Massachusetts. Three years later, in 1860, he joined the Gilmore Band, which in 1861 became attached to the 24th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment; he served with the band during the Civil War. Arbuckle was an outstanding cornet soloist, who was admired for his beautiful, cantabile style of playing. He was a soloist at the National Peace Jubilee of 1869 and the World Peace Jubilee of 1872, both of which were organized by Gilmore. In ...


Barenboim, Daniel  

Alan Blyth

(b Buenos Aires, Nov 15, 1942). Israeli pianist and conductor. He was first taught by his parents and made his début as a pianist in Buenos Aires when he was seven. In 1951 the family moved to Europe where he played at the Salzburg Mozarteum, and thence to Israel. Back in Salzburg in 1954, he met Edwin Fischer and Furtwängler, both major influences on his future career. Studies at the Accademia di S Cecilia in Rome and with Boulanger completed his education.

Barenboim made his British début as a soloist in 1955 and his American début two years later, and first conducted, in Israel, in 1962. From 1964 he worked for some years with the English Chamber Orchestra as conductor and pianist, recording with them symphonies by Mozart and Haydn, and a series of Mozart piano concertos. Meanwhile he began an international career as a conductor. He directed the South Bank Summer Festival in London (...


Cornejo, Rodolfo S(oldevilla)  

Lucrecia R. Kasilag

(b Manila, May 15, 1909; d Manila, August 11, 1991). Filipino composer, conductor and pianist. In 1930 he graduated from the Conservatory of the University of the Philippines with teacher’s diplomas in piano and in theory and composition; he then studied at the Chicago Musical College (BMus 1932, MMus 1933) and the Neotarian College of Philosophy, Kansas City (PhD 1947). He taught at the University of the Philippines Conservatory (1930–34) and was director and professor at the Manila (1934–9, 1949–52) and Cosmopolitan College (1948–9) conservatories. During World War II he appeared as a pianist and conductor in the USA, Canada, Europe and Hawaii. He was a state cultural adviser (1958–60) and founder-president of the National Federation of Music. He lectured in humanities at the University of the City of Manila (1968–75), and after 1978 worked mainly in the USA, appearing as a composer-conductor at the Seattle Opera House....


Custodio, Bernardino  

Lucrecia R. Kasilag


(b Manila, May 20, 1911). Filipino composer, conductor and pianist. After a four-year scholarship under Alexander Lippay, he graduated from the Conservatory of the University of the Philippines in 1930 and then taught theory and the piano at the same institution, continuing his composition and conducting studies there with Lippay, Jenő Takács and Herbert Zipper. In 1959 he took the MA at the University of Santo Tomas and travelled to the USA on a Smith-Mundt grant. He was director of the University of Santo Tomas Conservatory (1958–61), associate conductor of the Manila SO for several years, dean of the Yamaha School of Music, and a member of the executive board of the National Music Council of the Philippines. Most of his compositions, written in a late-Romantic style, were burnt during World War II; notable among his works were the Malayan Suite for orchestra (1932), piano solos such as ...


Demiriş, Okan  

Münir Nurettin Beken

(b Feb 9, 1942). Turkish composer, conductor and violinist. He studied the violin at the Istanbul Municipal Conservatory, with Ekrem Zeki Ün, and at the Ankara State Conservatory. His early instrumental works draw on Turkish traditional music, while his later compositions display a more eclectic range of influences. With colourful orchestration, Demiriş combines a characteristically Turkish harmonic style with atonality, polymodality and the modal scales of Turkish traditional music in his three operas. Islamic mysticism and Turkish military music are major sources of inspiration. The librettos of his operas are from legendary subjects: Karyağdı Hatun, for example, is about a pregnant holy woman who craves snow in summer so makes it snow. His works are often performed by state institutions in Turkey with his wife, the soprano Leyla Demiriş, in the leading role. Demiriş has an honorary doctorate from Bosphorus University.

(selective list)


Djamin, Yazeed  

Franki Raden

(b Jakarta, 1952). Indonesian composer, conductor and pianist. After early piano lessons he entered the YPM music school at the age of nine, then studied composition and the piano with Sutarno Sutikno and Frans Haryadi at the Jakarta Institute of the Arts. In 1972 and 1974 Djamin won the Electone Festival championship. He lived in the USA between 1974 and 1988, initially studying composition and the piano at the Peabody Conservatory in Baltimore, and also studying conducting. In 1988 he obtained the doctorate in piano performance from the Catholic University of America. His American awards include the Otto Ortman Award for composition (1975, 1976) and the Peabody Concerto Competition for piano performance. In Indonesia Djamin has been active as a composer, conductor and pianist. He established the highly regarded Nusantara Chamber Orchestra in 1988; in 1994 he became composer-in-residence and supervisor of the National Symphony Orchestra of Malaysia....


Elizalde, Fred  

Walter Starkie

revised by Charles Fox and Alyn Shipton


(b Manila, Dec 12, 1907; d Manila, Jan 16, 1979). Filipino bandleader, pianist, conductor and composer of Spanish parentage. He studied at the Madrid Conservatory, with, among others, Trago and Perez Casas. In 1921 he went to England for two years' study at St Joseph's College, London, and later entered Stanford University, California, where his parents intended him to study law. However, under the influence of Bloch, with whom he had composition lessons, he left in 1926 to give his attention to music. At this point his fascination for jazz and dance music began, and he led the Stanford University Band for a season at the Biltmore Hotel, Los Angeles, while continuing formal composition studies. After cutting his first discs with his Cinderella Roof Orchestra in Hollywood, he returned to England to read law at Cambridge University (where his brother, the saxophonist Manuel (Lizz) Elizalde, was also a student) in ...


Erkin, Ulvi Cemal  

Faruk Yener

(b Istanbul, March 14, 1906; d Ankara, Sept 15, 1972). Turkish composer, pianist and conductor. In 1925 he won a competition enabling him to study at the Paris Conservatoire and at the Ecole Normale de Musique, where he took composition and piano classes with Jean and Noël Gallon and Nadia Boulanger. Returning to Turkey in 1930, he became a lecturer at the Ankara School for Music Teachers. In 1949 he was appointed director at the Ankara State Conservatory, where he had taught the piano for some time. In 1951 he became head of the piano department of Ankara State Conservatory, but continued to compose and conduct concerts in Turkey and elsewhere. One of the Turkish Five, Erkin made skilful use of traditional Turkish music, particularly its rhythm. His compositions at first reflected the influence of Impressionism, but as he matured Erkin displayed a colourful, more individual expression coupled with rich and varied orchestration. (...


Fujiwara, Kiyoto  

Kazunori Sugiyama and Barry Kernfeld

revised by James Catchpole and Hiroko Otsuka

(b Takamatsu, Japan, Aug 31, 1953). Japanese double bass player and leader. He grew up in a musical family, took up double bass at the age of 15, and attended the Tokyo University of Fine Arts and Music, the Berklee College of Music (1974–5), and the Juilliard School (1980–84), where he completed undergraduate and graduate degrees. While still a student he performed with Horace Silver (1975), Joe Lee Wilson and Clifford Jordan (both 1975–9), and Jaki Byard (1977–81), as well as with Jackie McLean, Woody Shaw, Sunny Murray, Roy Haynes, Eddie Jefferson, Eddie Gomez, Rashied Ali, and Sam Rivers. Following his graduation he played with Gunter Hampel (1984–6, recording at Sweet Basil, New York, in 1985) and then worked with Archie Shepp (1986) and recorded with Fred Ho’s Afro-Asian Music Ensemble (1985–96). He performed and recorded with Thomas Chapin (from ...


Garanian [Garanyan], Georgy  

Walter Ojakäär


(b Moscow, Aug 15, 1934; d Krasnodar, Russia, Jan 11, 2010). Russian alto saxophonist, composer, and bandleader of Armenian descent. Formerly known as Garanyan, he began to spell his surname Garanian at some point in the 1990s. He taught himself to play saxophone and led an amateur octet (1954–7) which later evolved into the youth orchestra of the Art Workers’ Central House in Moscow. For the next eight years he was a principal soloist in and arranger for Oleg Lundstrem’s orchestra (1958–66); he also led a quartet with the guitarist Nikolay Gromin, performing at festivals in Tallinn, Prague, and Moscow. He was a member of the Kontsertny Estradny Orkestr Tsentral’novo TV i Vsesoyuznovo Radio (‘Concert variety orchestra of the central TV and all-union radio’) from 1966 to 1970, and after studying at the Moscow P.I. Tchaikovsky State Conservatory (until 1969) he led the orchestra from ...


Goldberg, Szymon  

Boris Schwarz

revised by Jonathan Kuuskoski

(b Włocławek, Poland, June 1, 1909; d Toyama, Japan, July 19, 1993). Polish violinist and conductor, naturalized American. He began violin lessons at the age of seven in Warsaw with Mieczyslaw Michałowicz, before moving to Berlin in 1917, where his principal teacher was carl Flesch . In 1921 he made his debut in Warsaw. After an appearance with the Berlin PO in 1924, playing concertos by Bach, Joachim, and Paganini, and a recital tour through Germany, he was appointed leader of the Dresden PO in 1925. Wilhelm Furtwängler then chose him to be concertmaster of the Berlin PO, a post he held from 1929 to 1934. During that time he formed a string trio with Paul Hindemith and Emanuel Feuermann. From 1934 he toured Europe and East Asia as a soloist and as a sonata partner with Lili Kraus. He made his New York debut in 1938. Having been taken prisoner by the Japanese in Java in ...


Hayasaka, Sachi  

Kazunori Sugiyama

revised by James Catchpole and Hiroko Otsuka

(b Tokyo, Feb 26, 1960). Japanese alto and soprano saxophonist and leader. She began piano lessons at the age of five and took up alto saxophone in her junior high school brass band when she was 13. While at Tamagawa University she studied jazz and classical saxophone. She performed in Yosuke Yamashita’s Panja Swing Orchestra and with the band led by the reed player Yoshiaki Fujikawa in 1983, and toured Europe in Hans Reichel’s trio in 1987. In the 1990s she performed with the drummer Yuji Imamura, Hideto Kanai, Shota Koyama, Fumio Itabashi, and Peter Kowald, and in 1997 she became a member of the small group and orchestra led by the pianist Satoko Fujii. Her own group, Stir Up!, made its début at the Shinjuku Pit Inn in Tokyo in 1992. She can be seen in performance on the German television broadcast Leverkusener Jazztage (1994). From ...


Hino, Motohiko  

Yozo Iwanami

revised by Kazunori Sugiyama

[Toko ]

(b Tokyo, Jan 3, 1946; d Tokyo, May 13, 1999). Japanese drummer and leader , brother of Terumasa Hino. He worked professionally as a tap-dancer from the age of eight and as a drummer from 1963. After playing with a quartet led by the tenor saxophonist Konosuke Saijo, with the Stardusters, and with quintets led by Shungo Sawada and by his brother, he formed his own trio. He moved to New York in 1978 to join JoAnne Brackeen’s trio, recorded with Bob Degen in Germany that same year, and played in the USA with Hugh Masekela, Joe Henderson, and Gary Bartz, among others. In 1980 he returned to Japan, where he rejoined his brother’s band, and from 1995 he toured Japan and the USA as a member of Terumasa Hino’s Asian Jazz All Stars. He played with Aki Takase, Nobuyoshi Ino, Dizzy Gillespie, Eddie Gomez, Pat Metheny, John Scofield, Kenny Kirkland, and many others while leading his own bands, and in the 1990s he recorded with Dave Liebman, Scofield, Mike Stern, and Steve Swallow among his guest soloists. In ...


Hino, Terumasa  

Yozo Iwanami

revised by Kazunori Sugiyama, Barry Kernfeld, James Catchpole, and Hiroko Otsuka

(b Tokyo, Oct 25, 1942). Japanese trumpeter, cornetist, flugelhorn player, and leader, brother of Motohiko Hino. His father was a tap-dancer and trumpeter, and Hino began tap-dancing at the age of four and took up trumpet when he was nine. Self-taught, he made his professional début in 1955, playing in a swing big band at a US military base. In 1964 he joined a quintet led by the drummer Hideo Shiraki (with whom he appeared at the Berliner Jazztage the following year), and in 1967 he formed a quintet with Masabumi Kikuchi; Kikuchi left in 1968 and Hino continued as the group’s sole leader. After his album Hi-nology (1969) achieved great success he performed at the Berliner Jazztage (1971) and at many other festivals. From the mid-1970s he recorded regularly in Japan, Europe, and the USA (he settled in New York in June 1975...


Hsu, John  

Howard Schott


( b Shantou, April 21, 1931). American cellist, viol player and conductor of Chinese birth . After emigrating to the USA in 1949 he studied the cello and chamber music performance at Carroll College, the Berkshire Music Center, and the New England Conservatory (BMus 1953, MMus 1955, hon. DMus. 1971). He began teaching at Cornell University in 1955 and was appointed professor there in 1967. From 1968 to 1983 he gave numerous viola da gamba recitals in Europe, and made several radio recordings. With Sonya Monosoff (violin) and Malcolm Bilson (fortepiano) he formed the Amadé Trio (1972–82), a pioneer ensemble in performing and recording the Classical piano trio repertory on period instruments. In 1982 Hsu formed the Haydn Baryton Trio with David Miller (viola) and Fortunato Arico (cello, replaced by Loretta O'Sullivan in 1985), and in 1991 he founded the Apollo Ensemble, a period instrument chamber orchestra with the primary aim of performing and recording the Haydn symphonies composed during the years of his baryton trios. He was appointed a faculty member of Aston Magna in ...


Inomata, Takeshi  

Kazunori Sugiyama

(b Takarazuka, Japan, Feb 6, 1936). Japanese drummer and leader. He grew up in a musical family and made his professional début at the age of 16. When he was 20 he moved to Tokyo, where he joined the Six Josés, led by the double bass player Shin Watanabe, and then the West Liners, led by the tenor saxophonist Konosuke Saijo. One of the pioneers of modern drumming in Japan, he led several groups of different configurations throughout his career and eventually recorded more than 300 albums. He also formed, with Norio Maeda and the double bass player Yasuo Arakawa, the cooperative group We 3, which was regarded for many years as one of the best jazz trios in Japan. In the early 1960s Inomata lived in the USA and studied drums under Alan Dawson and others. He then returned to Japan, and in 1976 he established his Rhythm Clinic Center to promote educational aspects of jazz. In ...


Jacoby, Hanoch  

Eliyahu Schleifer


(b Königsberg [now Kaliningrad, Russia], March 2, 1909; d Tel-Aviv, Dec 13, 1990). Israeli composer, conductor and string player . He studied the viola and composition with Hindemith at the Berlin Hochschule für Musik (1927–30). From 1930 to 1933 he played in the Grosses Orchester des Südwestdeutschen Rundfunks. With the rise of the Nazis, he left Germany and, after a year's sojourn in Istanbul, emigrated to Palestine. In 1934 he settled in Jerusalem where he joined the Palestine Music Conservatory (1934–47) and the Jerusalem String Quartet (1934–9), both of which were founded two years earlier by the violinist Emil Hauser of the Budapest String Quartet. He was appointed to the Jerusalem New Conservatory and Academy of Music in 1947 (assistant director, 1949–54; director, 1954–8). He later moved to Tel-Aviv, where he played the viola in the Israel PO until 1974. During 1974–5...


Kawaguchi, George  

Yozo Iwanami

[Joji ]

(b Fukakusa, Kyoto, Japan, June 15, 1927; d Tokyo, November 1, 2003). Japanese drummer and leader. He was brought up in Dairen, Manchuria (now Lü-ten, China), in a musical family, and joined his father’s band there when he was 18. After World War II he returned to Japan, and he began playing professionally in 1947. He worked with the Azumanians, a septet, and from 1953 into the 1980s played in the Big Four, whose founding members were Hidehiko Matsumoto, the pianist Hachidai Nakamura, and the double bass player Mitsuru Ono; the group operated and recorded mainly under Kawaguchi’s leadership. In 1981 he recorded as a leader with Art Blakey, and the following year he performed at the Kool Jazz Festival in New York; he gave concerts in Tokyo and Osaka in 1985. In 1987 he deputized for Blakey at the Mount Fuji Jazz Festival. Kawaguchi used two bass drums and was known for his extended solos; he projected strength and vitality as a drummer but was also capable of great delicacy....