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Hornbostel Demonstration Collection, The  

Susanne Ziegler

The Hornbostel Demonstration Collection is the first publication that provides traditional music collected worldwide as sound examples for listening. The holdings of the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv, founded in 1900, enabled the presentation of sound examples from nearly all music cultures, which were recorded on wax cylinders for the Archive in different areas of the world (Hornbostel, 1933). Erich M. von Hornbostel (1877–1935), director of the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv, produced the Demonstration Collection as an overview of the vocal and instrumental musics of the whole world.

Out of about 10,000 wax cylinders, collected between 1900 and 1913, 120 cylinders were chosen by Hornbostel to represent the wealth of the world’s musical cultures. The introduction to the collection clearly explains its purpose: o ‘make the treasures of the collection available to all researchers interested in ethnology, the … history of music, aesthetics, ethno- psychology in general, and also to a wide lay public’ (Simon, ...

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MacCarthy, Maud  

Nalini Ghuman

[Maud Mann, Maud Foulds, Tandra Devi, Swami Omananda Puri, Maud Coote]

(b Cluain Meala (Eng. Clonmel), Tipperary, 4 July 1882; d Douglas, Isle of Man, 6 June 1967). Irish violinist, ethnomusicologist, authority on Indian music, writer, music therapist, and polymath. In 1884 the MacCarthys emigrated to Australia: in 1892 mother and daughter returned to Britain where Maud made her solo violin debut, playing to critical acclaim in Britain, Ireland, and the United States. Over-playing caused painful neuritis and led to a change in direction: she became deeply interested in Indian music. In 1907 she sailed alone to India, beginning her sojourn in Adyar, Chennai where she studied Karnatic classical singing. During journeys of 8,500 km north from Thanjāvūr to Vārānasī and Lahore she learned a variety of music and became proficient in Hindi and Urdu. Meticulous field notes document her pioneering ethnomusicological work.

Late in 1909 MacCarthy returned to London where, for two decades, driven by a commitment to bridging the colonial divide, she presented erudite lecture-recitals of Indian music across Britain and in Paris, singing in several languages and accompanying herself on ...