Abbreviations: Ex.1 Dots over a note denote its repetition
Abbreviations: Ex.2 Beam joining note stems indicates rate of oscillation, note head indicates duration of oscillation (Ger. Brillenbass)
Abbreviations: Ex.3 Slash indicates repetition, number of slashes indicates rate of repetition, note head indicates duration of repetition
Abbreviations: Ex.4 As exx.2 and 3, but slashes are independent of note stems
Ex.5 Some archaic ways of denoting oscillation are often confused with types shown in ex.3
Ex.6 Other archaic forms
Abbreviations: Ex.7 Slash, usually with a dot on either side, or two slashes, to denote repetition of part of a bar, a whole bar or two bars
Ex.8 (a) Repetition from the beginning of a movement (b) Repetition from a later point necessitates another double bar
Ex.9 Avoidance of leger lines
Abbreviations: Ex.10 In clarinet music, chalumeau has occasionally been used to avoid leger lines
Abbreviations: Ex.11 Harp glissandos are usually notated in abbreviated form
You do not currently have access to this article
Please login to access the full content.
Please subscribe to access the full content.
date: 13 October 2019
Character limit 500/500