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date: 15 October 2019

Alanus, Johanneslocked

  • David Fallows


(fl late 14th century or early 15th). English composer. He composed the motet Sub Arturo plebs/Fons citharizancium/In omnem terram and perhaps four songs; for the composer of one or possibly two pieces in the Old Hall Manuscript (GB-Lbl Add.57950) see Aleyn. The composer of the motet (ascribed ‘Jo.Alani’ and containing a reference to ‘J. Alani minimus’) is sometimes identified with the Dominus Johannes Aleyn who was chaplain in Edward III’s Chapel Royal and canon of St George's Chapel, Windsor, from 1362 until his death in 1373 (full documentation in Wathey, pp.167–8); ‘unus rotulus de cantu musicali’ was bequeathed by him to the chapel. Many other prebends and favours appear to indicate royal patronage, particularly from Queen Philippa.

The motetus text of Sub Arturo plebs refers to earlier theorists whose work had led Alanus to compose a piece of such novel complexity. But the work’s main historical fascination lies in its triplum text, which names 14 musicians, most of them first identified by Brian Trowell among the royal households. Trowell originally associated the motet with two events at St George’s Chapel, Windsor: the foundation of the Order of the Garter in ...

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London, British Library
Early Music History
Music & Letters
Acta musicologica
Corpus mensurabilis musicae
Strasbourg, Bibliothèque Municipale
Bologna, Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale
Current Musicology
Chantilly, Musée Condé
Polyphonic Music of the Fourteenth Century
Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France