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Aleksandrov, Boris Aleksandrovichlocked

  • Detlef Gojowy

(b Bologoye, 22 July/Aug 4, 1905; d Moscow, June 17, 1994). Russian composer and conductor, son of Aleksandr Vasil′yevich Aleksandrov. He studied at the Moscow Conservatory with Glier, graduating in 1929, and worked as a music director in Moscow clubs (1923–9), music director of the Red Army Theatre (1930–37), lecturer at the Moscow Conservatory (1933–41) and leader of the Soviet Radio Song Ensemble (1942–7). From 1937 to 1946 he was deputy director of the Aleksandrov Red Army Song and Dance Ensemble, which was founded by his father and, after the latter's death, came under his direction. He received the State Prize (1950) and the title People's Artist of the USSR (1958). In Dva p′yesï (‘Two Pieces’) op.1 (1928) for piano he developed a compositional system synthesizing the principle of the 12-note series (with inversions and permutations) with a harmonic set technique and mirror symmetry. Later works, such as the well-known musical comedy Svad′ba v Malinovke (‘Wedding in Malinovka’), exploit the tonal harmonies of Ukrainian folk music or exotic pentatonic harmony (as in the Kitayskaya syuita, ‘Chinese Suite’).

Works

(selective list)

Musical comedies

Svad′ba v Malinovke [Wedding in Malinovka] (L. Yukhvid), 1937

Sotïy tigr [The 100th Tiger] (L. Tarsky and M. Triger), 1939

God spustya [A Year Later] (V. Tipot), 1940

Devushka iz Barselonï [A Girl from Barcelona] (I. Nazarov, A. Sofronov and G. Yaron), 1942

Moya Gyusel (E. Pomeshchik and N. Rozhkov), 1946

101-ya zhena [The 101st Wife] (Tipot and Sh. Dadiana), 1954

Ballets

Levsha [The Left-Handed Man] (P. Abolimov, after N. Leskov), 1954

Druzhba yunïkh [Youthful Friendship] (Abolimov, after A. Butkevich), 1954–5

Vocal-orch

Songs from Svad′ba v Malinovke, vv, jazz orch (1941)

Molodost′ mira [The World's Youth], vv, orch (1953)

Soldat oktyabrya zashchishayet mir [The October Soldier Defends Peace] (orat), spkr, solo vv, chorus, orch (1970)

Delo Lenina bessmertno [Lenin's Acts are Immortal] (orat) (1973)

Orchestral

Sym. no.1, 1928

Pf Conc., 1929

Sym. no.2, 1930

Tpt Conc., 1933

Cl Conc., 1936

Kitayskaya syuita [Chinese Suite], 1953

Conc.-Fantasy, pf, folk orch, 1955

Ov. (1955)

Choral

many choruses and songs incl. Pesnya o partii [Party Songs], 1956

Slushay [Listen], male vv, 1959

Da zdravstvuyet Kuba [Long Live Cuba], 1961

army songs

Chamber and solo instrumental

2 p′yesï (2 morceaux), op.1, pf (1928)

2 str qts, 1931

Ww Qt, 1932

Nocturne-Allegro, cl, pf (1947)

Incid music, film scores, folksong arrs.

Principal publisher: Soviet State Publishing House

Bibliography

  • D. Gojowy: ‘Zwölftontechnik in Russland’, Melos, 39 (1972), 120–41
  • D. Gojowy: Neue sowjetische Musik der 20er Jahre (Laaber, 1980)
  • B.M. Runov, ed.: Boris Aleksandrovich Aleksandrov: stat′i, materialy (Moscow, 1985) [selected writings, incl. discography, 140–43]
  • L. Sitsky: Music of the Repressed Russian Avant-Garde, 1900–1929 (Westport, CT, 1994)