Allemande [allemand, almain, alman, almond] (Fr.: ‘German [dance]’; It. alemana, allemanda)
- Meredith Ellis Little
- and Suzanne G. Cusick
[allemand, almain, alman, almond] (Fr.: ‘German [dance]’; It. alemana, allemanda)
One of the most popular of Baroque instrumental dances and a standard movement, along with the courante, sarabande and gigue, of the suite. It originated some time in the early or mid-16th century, appearing under such titles as ‘Teutschertanz’ or ‘Dantz’ in Germany and ‘bal todescho’, ‘bal francese’ and ‘tedesco’ in Italy. Originally a moderate duple-metre dance in two or three strains, the allemande came to be one of the most highly stylized of all Baroque dances and by 1732 was likened to a rhetorical ‘Proposition, woraus die übrigen Suiten, als die Courante, Sarabande, und Gigue, als Partes fliessen’ (WaltherML). 30 years later Marpurg (Clavierstücke, 1762, ii, 21) referred to the allemande as similar to the prelude, in that it was said to be based on a succession of changing harmonies in an improvisatory style, although he noted that in the allemande dissonances were to be more carefully prepared and resolved....