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date: 22 August 2019

Anatolia (Gk.: ‘eastern land’)locked

  • Werner Bachmann
  •  and Belkis Dinçol

Extract

(Gk.: ‘eastern land’)

An area roughly corresponding to the Asian part of Turkey. At the time of the Hittite empire (c 1400–1200 bce), which included central and south-east Anatolia, Hittite rule extended into northern Syria. Archaeological research in Turkey since the middle of the 20th century has resulted in a substantial increase in the materials available for a reconstruction of the history of Anatolian music. Evaluation of these finds, which include instruments and depictions of musicians, together with information from Hittite cuneiform texts has led to a new understanding of the musical life of the area. Not only does Anatolia appear to have stood out from the rest of the prehistoric cultural environment of the Near East and Mediterranean, but the range of musical instruments produced and developed there is greater than was previously thought. The widespread belief that Anatolia was primarily a land of transition – a bridge between the advanced cultures of Mesopotamia, the Levant, Transcaucasia and the Mediterranean civilizations – and that the highland population mostly adopted foreign cultural traditions can no longer be sustained. Indeed, the evidence indicates the presence of many indigenous elements in Bronze Age Anatolian musical culture and a strong vein of creativity on the part of the Anatolian people....

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Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Galpin Society Journal