Anglaise [anglois, angloise] (Fr.: ‘English’)
- Meredith Ellis Little
[anglois, angloise] (Fr.: ‘English’)
18th-century term used on the Continent to refer to various types of English dance, primarily the ever-popular country dances, but occasionally also the hornpipe. Country dances were a recreational activity in the French court of Louis XIV as early as the 1680s, but they were soon altered to conform to French taste by the use of characteristic French steps such as the pas de bourrée and the contretemps de gavotte; the resulting hybrid was called Contredanse . In 1699 Ballard published a Suite de danses … qui se joüent ordinairement aux bals chez le Roy which contained 17 ‘contredanses anglaises’.
Pieces entitled ‘anglaise’ are generally in a style reminiscent of the music accompanying country dances: they may be in duple or triple metre or in 6/8, and they have an obvious accent on the first beat of the bar; the melodies are lively, often covering a wide range and with some disjunct motion. Examples of the stylized anglaise may be found in J.S. Bach’s French Suite no.3, J.C.F. Fischer’s ...