Anthonii [Anthony], Cristofferus
- Brian Trowell
(flc1440–70). ?Italian composer. Previously thought to have been English, he is now presumed to have been a native of the Trentino, perhaps identifiable with the nobleman and lawyer Christophorus Anthonii de Molveno, traceable in Trent in 1449–68. His works, comprising a Sanctus, Magnificat primi toni, and a hymn (all for three voices), are all copied in I-TRmp 90, the Magnificat is also in I-TRcap 93 (all of his works are ed. M. Gozzi, Collana per la storia della musica nel Trentino, xvi, 1991). Two of his cantus firmi suggest Germanic connections: the chant that appears in decorated form in the Sanctus (superius) resembles Sanctus IV in the Passau gradual, and the chant used in Ut queant laxis (also in the superius) is from the Klosterneuburg hymnal. A contrafactum of the latter work honours St Vigilius, patron of Trent. Anthonii's music seems to lack sophistication, often using progressions of consecutive 6-3 chords and employing strict fauxbourdon in the ...