Antunes, Jorge (de Freitas)
- Gerard Béhague
(b Rio de Janeiro, April 23, 1942). Brazilian composer. He studied the violin, conducting and composition at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro with Carlos de Almeida, Morelenbaum, Siqueira and de Carvalho (1958–68), as well as composition with Guerra-Peixe. He also took the BSc in physics (1965), stimulating him to construct electronic equipment and pursue research into the relationship between colour and sound; he founded a studio of ‘chromo-musical’ research and composed a series of works entitled Cromoplastofonias. In 1969–70 he was at the Di Tella Institute in Buenos Aires, working in the electronic music studio and studying further with Ginastera, de Pablo, Francisco Kröpfl, Umberto Eco and Gandini. He continued his electronic studies at the University of Utrecht in 1970, and in 1972–3 worked with the Groupe de Recherches Musicales in Paris with Schaeffer, Reibel and Bayle; concurrently he studied musical aesthetics with Daniel Charles at the Sorbonne, completing a doctoral degree in ...