Ballou, Esther (Williamson)
- James R. Heintze
(b Elmira, NY, July 17, 1915; d Chichester, England, March 12, 1973). American composer, pianist and educationist. She studied the piano and the organ as a child and graduated from Bennington College, Vermont (1937), Mills College (1938) and the Juilliard School (1943); at Bennington she took composition lessons from Otto Luening, and at Juilliard from Bernard Wagenaar and privately from Wallingford Riegger. While in California she composed ballets for Louise Kloepper and José Limón and toured nationally as a pianist with various dance companies. During the 1940s she taught at Juilliard and from 1955 at the American University, Washington, DC. During her subsequent career as an educationist she put forward experimental methods for theory teaching at college level. Her music, according to her own description, ‘tends towards classicism in that it stresses clarity of design and directness of expression’. Among a broad range of compositions are her ...