- Richard Baum
- and Dietrich Berke
German firm of music publishers. It was founded in 1924 in Augsburg by Karl Vötterle, a bookshop assistant, then only 21 years old. Vötterle named the firm after the star Alkor (‘Bärenreiter’ or ‘Reiterlein’) in the constellation of the Great Bear. The firm’s beginnings are closely associated with the musical youth movement then current in Germany. Vötterle’s interest in folksong and his collaboration with the folksong researcher and singer Walther Hensel (an alias for Dr Julius Janiczek, 1887–1956), whose Finkensteiner Blätter was the firm’s first publication, formed the basis of much of Bärenreiter’s early work. The first years were characterized by the rapid growth of the Singbewegung, organized into the Finkensteiner Bund and developed by Vötterle; the movement was intended to revive musical interest and provide musical education for amateurs. The publication of folksong editions, beginning with the Finkensteiner Blätter, and later larger anthologies such as the Bruder Singer...