Barraine, Elsa (Jacqueline)
- Françoise Andrieux
- , revised by James R. Briscoe
(b Paris, Feb 13, 1910; d Strasbourg, March 20, 1999). French composer. She studied composition at the Paris Conservatoire with Dukas, who instilled in her a strong sense of colour and a classical spirit. She took premiers prix in harmony in 1925 and in fugue and accompaniment in 1927. In 1929 she received the Prix de Rome for her sacred trilogy La vierge guerrière. She then worked at French Radio, first as a pianist, sound recordist and as head of singing (1936–40) then after the war as a sound mixer. From 1944 to 1947 she was musical director of the recording firm Chant du Monde. In 1953 she became professor of sight-reading and analysis at the Conservatoire, a post she held until 1974.
Barraine’s compositions exhibit rigorous technique alongside naturalness and finesse. The work which made her name as a composer, the symphonic variations Harald Harfagard...