- Ian MacDonald
English pop group. Ringo Starr (Richard Starkey; b Liverpool, July 7, 1940; drums, voice), John Lennon (John Winston Lennon; b Liverpool, 9 Oct 1940; d New York, 8 Dec 1980; rhythm guitar, keyboards, harmonica, voice), Paul McCartney (James Paul McCartney; b Liverpool, 18 June 1942; bass guitar, keyboards, lead guitar, drums, voice), George Harrison (b Liverpool, 25 Feb 1943; d Los Angeles, 29 Nov 2001; lead guitar, sitār, keyboards, voice).
Originating in Liverpool, the Beatles evolved from an amateur teenage skiffle group, the Quarry Men, formed by Lennon in 1956 and named after his school, Quarry Bank High. McCartney joined the Quarry Men in July 1957, Harrison in March 1958. In August 1960, Lennon, McCartney and Harrison – together with Stuart Sutcliffe (b Edinburgh, 23 June 1940; d Hamburg, 10 April 1962; bass guitar), and Pete Best (b Madras, 24 Nov 1941; drums) – became the Beatles. Between then and ...