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date: 25 August 2019

Beaujoyeux [Beaujoyeulx], Balthasar de [Belgioioso, Baldassare de; ‘Baltazarini]locked

  • Carol MacClintock
  • , revised by Iain Fenlon


[Belgioioso, Baldassare de; ‘Baltazarini’]

(b Piedmont, c1535; dc1587). Italian ballet-master and violinist. He went to France in about 1555 as leader of a band of violinists sent by the Maréchal de Brissac to Catherine de' Medici; soon he adopted French nationality and changed his name to Balthasar de Beaujoyeux. Beaujoyeux was not only a good musician and a competent violinist, but also a tactful and successful courtier who rapidly found favour with his French masters, serving successively as valet de chambre to the sovereign, to Queen Catherine, Mary Stuart, Charles IX and Henri III of Valois. His principal duties at court were those of ballet-master and ‘master of the revels’, devising and superintending a variety of court entertainments, including masquerades, pastorals and intermedi. Influenced on the one hand by the performances of the Italian travelling troupe, the Compagnia dei Gelosi, then in Paris, and on the other by the aesthetics of the Pléiade, Beaujoyeux' choreographic skills found full expression in the luxurious and costly ...

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C. Burney: A General History of Music from the Earliest Ages to the Present Period (London, 1776-89); ed. F. Mercer (London, 1935/R) [p. nos. refer to this edn]
I. Fenlon: Music and Patronage in Sixteenth-Century Mantua (Cambridge, 1980-82)
J.R. Anthony: French Baroque Music from Beaujoyeulx to Rameau (London, 1973, 3/1997)