Bhatkhande, Vishnu Narayan
- Harold S. Powers
(b Bombay, Aug 10, 1860; d Bombay, Sept 19, 1936). Indian musicologist. He was educated as a lawyer and from about 1875 also studied music; from 1884 he was an active member of the Gayana Uttejak Mandali, a newly formed Bombay music society, where he learnt hundreds of traditional raga compositions. Concurrently he studied well-known Sanskrit works on music. In 1900 he collected between two and three hundred khayals from the son of a senior musician at the court of Jaipur (Rajasthan), subsequently persuading the father, Muhammad Ali Khan, to accept him as a disciple, thus legitimizing his musical standing by becoming associated with a recognized professional lineage (gharana). In south India (1904) he encountered the other flourishing canonical system of Indian art music – Carnatic music – and from a study of the 17th-century treatise Caturdaṇḍi prakāśikā evolved his system of classifying Hindustani ragas primarily according to ten ...