- Rudolf Klein
(b Czernowitz [now Chernovtsy, Ukraine], Feb 15, 1914; d Vienna, June 14 1999). Austrian music sociologist and writer on music. He studied music theory with Stefan Wolpe and conducting with Hermann Scherchen in Vienna (1932–7), and music theory with Josef Tal and music history with Edith Gerson-Kiwi in Jerusalem (1940–2). When he returned to Vienna he edited the periodical Phono (1954–65) and collaborated with the German periodical Hifi Stereophonie (1965–83). He was appointed lecturer (1962), and subsequently professor (1963) in music sociology at the Vienna Hochschule für Musik; he also directed the Institute for Music Sociology (1965–84) and the UNESCO institute Media cult (1969–89). In 1976 he became chairman of the ISME commission on music in education and mass media, and in 1992 he was put in charge of an interdisciplinary investigation into the relationship between scientific conceptual models and the arts, whose findings are being published as a series (see Blaukopf, ...