Böheim, Joseph Michael
- Raymond A. Barr
(b Prague, c1748; d Berlin, July 4, 1811). German songbook compiler of Bohemian birth. After beginning his career as an actor and tenor in Hamburg and Breslau, he went to Berlin in 1779 to join Döbbelin’s theatrical troupe at the Theater am Gendarmenmarkt. Later he spent some time at the Thabor Theatre in Frankfurt, but returned to Berlin in 1789 to become a member of the Berlin National Theatre. In 1793, in collaboration with his countryman Joseph Ambrosch, he published a popular two-volume collection of Masonic lieder entitled Freymaurer-Lieder mit Melodien; a revised edition with a new third volume compiled by Böheim alone appeared in 1795. Included in these volumes were works by Mozart (including his Zauberflöte aria ‘In diesen heil'gen Hallen’), J.G. Nägeli, André and Bernhard Weber. In 1798–9 Böheim published his most important collection of Masonic music, Auswahl von Maurer-Gesängen mit Melodien der vorzüglichsten Componisten...