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date: 07 April 2020

Campra, Andrélocked

  • James R. Anthony


(b Aix-en-Provence, bap. Dec 4, 1660; d Versailles, June 29, 1744). French composer. He was a leading figure in French theatrical and sacred music in the early 18th century.

Campra’s father and first music teacher was Jean-François Campra, a surgeon and violinist from Graglia, near Turin; his mother was Louise Fabry of Aix. In 1674 he became a choirboy at St Sauveur under Guillaume Poitevin, and he began ecclesiastical studies on 4 May 1678. According to La Borde (La BordeE), who claimed to have received the information from Campra himself, he was maître de musique at Toulon in 1679, but this is unsupported by documentary evidence. He was certainly at Aix in 1681 and was threatened with dismissal for having participated in theatrical performances without authorization. His subsequent behaviour must have been beyond reproach, for on 27 May 1681 he was made a chaplain.

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