Canary (Fr. canarie; It., Sp. canario)
- Richard Hudson
- , revised by Meredith Ellis Little
(Fr. canarie; It., Sp. canario)
A form of dance and music popular in Europe from the mid-16th century to the mid-18th. Two main types of music existed, an early Spanish and Italian canario and the later French canarie.
Covarrubias Horozco described the canario in his Tesoro de la lengua castellana o española (1611) as a type of ‘saltarelo gracioso’ that came to Spain from the Canary Islands. A piece called Endechas de canaria appeared in Pisador’s vihuela book of 1552, and the dance was mentioned by Diego Sánchez de Badajoz in the Farsa de Sancta Bárbara (published in his collected works of 1554), and by Cervantes, Lope de Vega and many other Spanish writers throughout the 17th century. Discussing its origins and character, Arbeau (Orchésographie, 1588) noted that its ‘passages are gay but nevertheless strange and fantastic with a strong barbaric flavour’.
This earlier canary often employs a short, two-phrase scheme that is relatively fixed melodically and harmonically (...