Candeille, (Amélie) [Emilie] Julie [Simons, Julie]
- Julian Rushton,
- Julie Anne Sadie,
- Robert Adelson
- and Jacqueline Letzter
(b Paris, July 31, 1767; d Paris, Feb 4, 1834). French composer, librettist, singer, actress, instrumentalist and author. She was the most successful of a small group of women opera composers and librettists in revolutionary France. Her father, Pierre Joseph Candeille, was her principal teacher; early on, he saw her talents as a way of compensating for his own flagging career, and eagerly presented her to the public as a child prodigy. By 1780 she had appeared before the king and in public as a singer, pianist and harpist. At 14 she was engaged as a singer at the Opéra and one year later took the title role in Gluck’s Iphigénie en Aulide. In 1783 she sang Sangaride in Niccolò Piccinni’s Atys. In August that year she made her fortepiano début at the Concert Spirituel, performing a concerto by Clementi, in which ‘she demonstrated a most brilliant and assured technique’, according to the ...