Cante hondo (Sp.: ‘deep song’)
- J.B. Trend
- , revised by Israel J. Katz
(Sp.: ‘deep song’)
A generic term encompassing the purest and oldest strata of songs of the flamenco tradition, which originated in the provinces of Andalusia in southern Spain. While cante hondo (or, in its aspirated, Andalusian form, jondo) refers, more appropriately, to a particular vocal timbre, the term has been used erroneously to designate a form. Hondo connotes a deep or profound feeling with which the singer expresses his or her innermost thoughts, emphasizing the tragic side of life.
Cante hondo includes the following song types: cañas, carceleras, deblas, livianas, martinetes, polos, saetas, serranas, siguiriyas, soleares and tonás. Although they vary in style and structure, they constitute an important sub-category of flamenco known as cante grande and are further distinguished by their textual stanzas, melodic strophes, microtonalism, tempo, metre, phrase lengths, ornamentation, restricted tessitura and characteristic vocal timbre. Several cante (i.e. the caña, polo and soleá) enjoyed an independent evolution while others derived from the basic ...