Canzone (It.: ‘song’)
(1) In the broadest sense, the Italian word for any lyric or poetic expression. It is in this sense that the term has been used by non-Italians as a title for selfconsciously simple or ‘song-like’ compositions, such as the slow movement of Tchaikovsky’s Fourth Symphony, marked ‘in modo di canzone’.
(2) In the 16th century, the term most often used by musicians to denote a vocal work of popular or folklike character, usually followed by designation of its regional origin, for example canzone villanesca alla napolitana.
(3) Since the early 16th century, a term used intermittently as a title for instrumental works, originally transcriptions or arrangements of vocal models in several contrasting sections. Also called canzoni da sonar, this type of piece constituted an important instrumental genre in the early 17th century and was particularly significant as a forerunner of the sonata. In modern usage the word ‘canzona’ is most commonly used for such a piece, even though the spelling is virtually unknown in Italian sources (...