Carissimi, Giacomo [Jacomo ]
- Andrew V. Jones
(b Marino, nr Rome, bap. April 18, 1605; d Rome, Jan 12, 1674). Italian composer. The most important composer in mid-17th-century Rome, Carissimi established the characteristic features of the Latin oratorio and was a prolific composer of motets and cantatas. Through his pupils and the wide dissemination of his music he influenced musical developments in north European countries.
The spelling ‘Giacomo’ was used by some contemporaries and all publishers, although ‘Jacomo’ appears in the baptismal record and was the form used by Carissimi himself. Marino, Carissimi’s birthplace, was a small town a few kilometres south-east of Rome. Two other composers were born there: Bonifatio Gratiani in 1604 or 1605 and Giovanni Battista Mocchi in about 1620. Graziani was one of Carissimi’s most important contemporaries as a composer of motets and oratorios; Mocchi was a pupil of Carissimi, and later promoted the publication of a large collection of his motets, ...