Chávez (y Ramírez), Carlos (Antonio de Padua)
- Robert Parker
(Antonio de Padua)
(b Mexico City, June 13, 1899; d Mexico City, Aug 2, 1978). Mexican composer, conductor, teacher, writer on music and government official. His role in the musical and cultural life of Mexico was decisive during the second and third quarters of the 20th century. In a career spanning more than 50 years, he composed more than 200 musical works, conducted numerous orchestras in the USA, Latin America and Europe, held important government positions in the arts in Mexico, and lectured and wrote extensively about music and its place in the social milieu. Three broad stylistic tendencies pervade his music: Mexicanism, both pre-Conquest and modern; a mélange of brittle dissonance, angular melody, atonality and polytonality; and a conservative leaning toward classical forms, moderation of dissonance, and tonality.
Chávez was the grandson of the lawyer, writer and poet Manuel Ramírez Aparicio on his mother's side; his paternal grandfather José María Chávez, governor of the state of Aguascalientes, was executed by Emperor Maximilian's forces in ...