Chekhov, Anton Pavlovich
- April Fitzlyon
(b Taganrog, 17/Jan 29, 1860; d Badenweiler, 2/July 15, 1904). Russian dramatist and short-story writer. He moved to Moscow in 1879 and, while qualifying as a doctor, wrote (for comic papers) stories which became popular; some appeared in book form in 1886. The publisher Suvorin then gave him financial security, and his style began to change: his stories became less anecdotal, more profound, sometimes tragic; plot and narrative diminished, replaced by evocations of mood alone. His first play to be produced, Ivanov (1887), was a success; but The Seagull (1896) was a failure until it was restaged by the newly formed Moscow Arts Theatre in 1898, at which time it established Chekhov as a major dramatist and created the theatre’s reputation. Uncle Vanya (1899), The Three Sisters (1901) and The Cherry Orchard (1904) were all triumphs. In ...