- Nigel Simeone
French firm of publishers. It was founded in Paris by Antoine Choudens (1825–88) and is first mentioned in an advertisement in September 1844. From 1888 to 1890 the firm was run by Choudens’s two sons, the second of whom, Paul, continued alone from 1890 until his death on 6 October 1925; after this the leadership was shared by Paul’s sons-in-law, Gaston Chevrier (until 1952) and André Leroy (until 1958), and grandson, André Chevrier. Choudens published three of the most important French 19th-century operas: Berlioz’s Les Troyens (piano-vocal scores of Parts I and II, 1863), Bizet’s Carmen (piano-vocal score, 1875; full score, 1877) and Gounod’s Faust (piano-vocal score, 1859; full score, 1860); the firm also issued works by Reyer, Saint-Saëns and the first editions of Fauré’s early songs. In 1891 Choudens published five of Debussy’s early piano works: Valse romantique, Reverie, Ballade, Marche écossaise...