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Citole (Fr. citole; Ger. Zitôl; It. cetra, cetera, cetula; Sp. cítola)locked

  • Laurence Wright


A plucked lute of the Middle Ages, particularly the period 1200–1350, related to the Fiddle. It evolved into the Cittern in the 15th century. It was mistakenly called Gittern by Galpin, and is still referred to as such in many modern works. There is an early 14th-century example of a citole in the British Museum....

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San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Monasterio, Real Biblioteca
New York, Pierpont Morgan Library
R.M.A. [Royal Musical Association] Research Chronicle
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Galpin Society Journal
Utrecht, Universiteit Utrecht, Universiteitsbibliotheek
Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale Albert 1er/Koninlijke Bibliotheek Albert I, Section de la Musique
Stuttgart, Württembergische Landesbibliothek