Cologne (Ger. Köln)
- Robert von Zahn
City in Germany. According to Tacitus, this settlement of the Ubii, a Roman garrison on the Rhine, was granted the rank of a colony (the Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensis) in 50 ce, at the request of the Empress Agrippina. About 400 Cologne became Frankish and a bishopric. Its economic development made it a centre of foreign trade, and it became a Hanseatic city in ...