Colombia, Republic of (Sp. República de Colombia)
- Gerard Béhague,
- George List
- and Lise Waxer
(Sp. República de Colombia)
Country in South America. Formerly part of Nueva Granada, it is bordered to the north-west by Panama and the Caribbean, to the east by Venezuela and Brazil, to the south by Peru and Ecuador, and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. The region was colonized by the Spanish in the 16th century. The area that constitutes modern Colombia was established in the years following independence from Spain (1819).
Nueva Granada (later Colombia), which became an autonomous viceroyalty in 1566, was musically one of the most active countries in South America during the colonial period. The coastal city of Cartagena de Indias was founded in 1533, and four years later its first musician, Juan Pérez Materano (d 1561), settled there. He was an organist, an expert in plainchant and the author of an unpublished treatise Canto de órgano y canto llano. Bogotá Cathedral was the chief centre of sacred music. In ...