Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 26 August 2019

Conductus (Lat., from conducere: ‘to escort’, ‘to guide’; pl. conductus, conducti)locked

  • Janet Knapp


(Lat., from conducere: ‘to escort’, ‘to guide’; pl. conductus, conducti)

A medieval song with a serious, usually sacred, text in Latin verse. The genre seems to have originated in the south of France near the end of the 12th century. Taken up by the Parisian composers of Notre Dame, it flourished with great brilliance from about 1160 to about 1240. It was superseded in the second half of the 13th century by the motet. A handful of new conductus from the 14th century are peripheral, chiefly German in origin.

The word ‘conductus’ first appears in mid-12th-century sources. It is found in E-Mn 289 (c1140) above nine songs, several of which are introductions to lessons. Resonet intonet, for example, concludes with an exhortation to the congregation to prepare itself for the reading of the scriptures:

Munda sit, pura sit hec ergo concio,

Audiat, sentiat quid dicat lectio.

The presumption is that such a piece was sung as the lectionary was carried to the place appointed for the reading....

Access to the complete content on Grove Music Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.

Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana
Annales musicologiques
Musical Times
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin - Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Musikabteilung
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Miscellanea musicologica [Australia]
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Die Musikforschung
Laon, Bibliothèque Municipale
Seville, Institución Colombina
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Handschriftensammlung
London, British Library
Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Universitätsbibliothek, Abteilung Handschriften, Nachlässe, Alte Drucke
Stuttgart, Württembergische Landesbibliothek
Engelberg, Franziskanerkloster, Bibliothek
Studies in Music [Australia]
Zeitschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Acta musicologica
Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Handwörterbuch der musikalischen Terminologie
Musical Quarterly
Sens, Bibliothèque Municipale
Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional
Oxford, Bodleian Library