- Howard Pollack
(b Brooklyn, NY, Nov 14, 1900; d North Tarrytown, NY, Dec 2, 1990). American composer, writer on music, pianist and conductor.
One of his country’s most enduringly successful composers, Copland created a distinctively American style and aesthetic in works of varying difficulty for a diversity of genres and mediums, including ballet, opera and film. Also active as a critic, mentor, advocate and concert organizer, he played a decisive role in the growth of serious music in the Americas in the 20th century.
Copland’s parents were Jewish immigrants from small towns in Lithuanian Russia. His father, Harris, reached New York via Glasgow and Manchester while still in his teens, adopting an Anglicized version of the family surname, Kaplan, along the way; his mother, Sarah Mittenthal, arrived in the USA as a young girl and grew up in the American Midwest and Texas before settling in New York in 1881...